stages of Crime- an overview

4326 Words Oct 24th, 2013 18 Pages
Table of Contents

1. Introduction…………………………..………………................................04
2. Objective of Study…………………………………………………………05
3. Methodology………………………………………………………….....…05
4. Stage 1 - Intention…………………….……………………………………06
• Types of Intention…………………………………………………07
5. Stage 2 - Preparation…………………………..…………………………..08
• Exceptions to preparation………………….………………….…..09
6. Stage 3 - Attempt .…………………………………………………….…...10
• Attempt and Preparation Distinguished…………………….12 - 17
7. Stage 4 - Accomplishment…………………………………………………17
8. Conclusion………………………………………………………………….18
9. References…………………………………………………………………..19

INTRODUCTION

Criminal law is a body of rules and statutes that defines
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There is an intention to cause harm but he hasn’t yet taken any action that manifests his intention, S0, it is not a crime in itself. But this an essential ingredient of crime because without bad intention to cause harm or do wrong, there can be no crime. Also, even a thoughtless act, without any deliberation, can be crime if there is an intention to cause crime.

Intention differs from motive or desire (Per Lord Bridge R v Moloney ). Thus, a person who kills a loved one dying from a terminal illness, in order to relieve pain and suffering, may well act out of good motives. Nevertheless, this does not prevent them having the necessary intention to kill…in the case of R v Inglis .

Types of Intention:

Intention can be divided into direct intent and oblique intent.

Direct intent:

The majority of cases will be quite straight forward and involve direct intent. Direct intent can be said to exist where the defendant embarks on a course of conduct to bring about a result which in fact occurs. Example D intends to kill his wife. To achieve that result he gets a knife from the kitchen, sharpens it and then stabs her, killing her. The conduct achieves the desired result.

Oblique intent: Oblique intent is more complex. Oblique intent can be said to exist where the defendant embarks on a course of conduct to bring about a desired result, knowing that the consequence of his actions will also bring about another result. Eg

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