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Biodiversity study guide
1. Briefly describe how our species started to appreciate the biodiversity of the planet (in a geographical and historical context)?
Through the concept of evolution, ecology, population, community and the environment. Species through different periods evolve physiologically and adapting to new environments. Animals who can’t live or survive in certain regions either migrate or die. Common ancestors often link to present day organisms showing biologically and different aspects of adaptations.
2. Early naturalists tended to gather biodiversity information in a slightly different manner compared to modern biologists. Explain.
Back in the day naturalists didn’t have advanced technological equipment and not
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Bees would collect food resources from the plant and in return the reproduction of the plants)
6. How did Carl von Linne (Linneaus) contribute to the field of biology?
He is the father of taxonomy.
7. What are the different taxonomic levels (in order from the largest to the smallest taxon)?
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
8. What is the purpose of taxonomy? How is it used in biology? [see Taxonomy]
The purpose of taxonomy is to describe and classify the different types of organisms that roam the continents into groups Genus and species. In biology it’s used to classify organism using latin names and to narrow down 1 organism from Kingdom to species.
9. How many species have been described (i.e. the total number of species named and categorized)? [Study the images below]
~ 1.8 million species have been classified.
10. Which is the most dominating taxon within the animal kingdom in terms of species diversity (making up approximately 25% of all known species)? [clue: which insect order?].
Phylum: Arthropoda, Order: Coleoptera
11. The phylum Arthropoda [meaning "joint-footed"] is the largest described taxon on the planet in terms of species diversity. The phylum includes all types of insects, crustaceans, spiders, millipedes and centipedes. What is percentage of the phylum Arthropoda of all known animal species?
12. Study the diagram of all known organisms below. What percentage is made up of animal species?
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