taking a Look at Infant Mortality

888 WordsJan 28, 20184 Pages
Infant mortality is the death of a child that is less than one year of age. Infant mortality rates are measured by the number of deaths in infants per number of live births. Infants are usually up to that age of one year. The health outcomes of a pregnancy is mainly influenced by a woman's health. Other risk factors include race, ethnicity, age, and income. Socioeconomic status and geographic location are major influences for infant mortality of a child. Most babies that die before their first year can be because they are born with a serious defect, is a preterm birth (Born too small or too early/37 weeks), infections, affected by maternal complications of pregnancy, victims of injuries and victims of sudden infant death syndrome also known as SIDS. National Vital Statistics Reports studied the infant mortality rates for the top five leading causes of infant death from 2005 to 2009. The top five leading causes were congenital malformations, preterm birth or low birth weight, SIDS, maternal complications, and unintentional injuries. Congenital malformations had the biggest decrease from 2005 to 2009 while the other four causes decreased only a little bit or not at all. National Vital Statistics Reports also studied infant mortality rates, by the race and ethnicity of the mother in the United States from 2005 to 2009. The infant mortality rate for each race and ethnicity of the mothers decreased from 2005 to 2009. The non-Hispanic blacks had the highest infant mortality rate

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