Even though Mr. Fordham mentions that he in his “Statement of Cost of Goods Manufactured for Year Ended Dec. 31 1956” that he depreciated $24,000 of Plant and Equipment, I decided to change the depreciation schedule so that PP&E would be fully depreciated by the end of the 5 year period. Thus, I used a straight-line depreciation schedule that accumulated $40,000 worth of depreciation per year, which was spread evenly across the 12 months of this Balance Sheet (or $3,333.33 per month).
ASC 360-10 provides guidance on accounting for property, plant, and equipment, and the related accumulated depreciation on those assets. This Subtopic also includes guidance on the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets. ASC 360-10 notes that long-lived tangible assets include land and land improvements, buildings, machinery and equipment, and furniture and fixtures.
Fixed assets are assets that will be held or used over a period longer than one year. Companies typically have land, equipment, and buildings as their fixed assets. The account is usually called property, plant, and equipment or PP&E.
c. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the asset’s estimated useful life, which is determined by asset category as follows: Buildings and improvements (5 – 40 years); Store fixtures and equipment (3 – 15years), Leasehold improvements (Shorter of initial lease term or asset life); Capitalized software (3 – 7 years).
| In Year 1, depreciation is $5,000 plus 15% of the asset’s outlayFrom Year 2, depreciation is either * 30% of the asset’s book value; or * if the asset’s book value is less than $6,500, depreciation is the asset’s book value (i.e. asset is depreciated to zero once book value < $6,500)
Capital assets that can be deprecated must be, either by straight-line depreciation or the composite method (weighted average) of depreciation.
Property and Equipment—Depreciation and amortization are provided on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful fives of the assets. The following table shows estimated useful lives of property and equipment.
Depreciation and depletion are two models of computing financial reports. These techniques are used as adjustments when preparing statements of cash flow within the direct or indirect method. This paper will identify and examine the methods of depreciation and depletion, describe the difference between the methods, and compare and contrast depreciation and depletion as well using scholarly references to support the points.
Fixed assets might have been acquired at a time when prices were high and now the prices have corrected substantially. But in the balance sheet the assets are yet shown at their book value less depreciation written off.
> Depreciation applies to three classes of plant assets: land improvements, buildings, and equipment. Each of these classes is considered to be a depreciable asset because the usefulness to the company and the revenue-producing ability of each class decline over the asset’s useful life.
Before abandonment the asset should be depreciated so at the time of disposal the carrying value equals the salvage value, but not less than zero. Assets that are distributed to owners or exchanged for a similar productive asset must recognize an impairment loss if the carrying amount exceeds fair value at the time of disposal. Assets that are going to be disposed of by sale must be classified as such and the gain or loss it recognizes must be disclosed on the income statement or in the notes. For assets disposed of by sale, the amount of cash received is compared the asset's book value, which is calculated by subtracting accumulated depreciation from the cost of the asset. A gain is recorded if the proceeds of the sale are greater than book value. A loss is recorded if the proceeds of the sale are less than the book value (FASB, 2014).
Furthermore, by adopting a historical cost approach the assets will be depreciated over that useful life which has been estimated. With the useful life of an asset being so subjective it is hard to apportion a useful figure to depreciation. By increasing the useful life of an asset you are effectively spreading the depreciation expense over a longer period of time resulting in lower depreciation expenses and vice versa. In fact, Zheng et al. (2012) go one step further and consider depreciation to be a strategy for managers to manipulate profits.
The objective of AASB 116 is to stipulate the accounting treatment for property, plant and equipment, make user can understand information about an entity’s investment in its property, plant and equipment, and the changes in entity’s investment. The main issue for property, plant and equipment in accounting are the recognition of relationship between assets, the determination of their carrying amounts, the depreciation charges and impairment losses. AASB 116 required the entity disclose it’s information of gross carrying amount, depreciation method, depreciation rate, useful lives of PPE, accumulated depreciation and reconciliation of carrying amount at beginning of the reporting period and at end of the reporting period.
10. Fixed asset turnover = Total Revenues in Statement of Operations / Net Property and
Depreciation is the reduction in the value of certain fixed assets. It is a periodic reduction of fixed assets, usually done every year. Fixed assets are assets that add value to the company. Examples of fixed assets that can be depreciated are vehicles, buildings, machinery, equipment and fixture and fittings. The only fixed asset that is not depreciated is land, because it is not worn-out overtime, unless natural resources are being exploited. When a company buys a new fixed asset it doesn’t account for the full cost of it as one single large expense, instead the expense is spread over the life time of the asset. This is done by depreciating the asset. For example a company purchases a CNC router for €50,000 and will be used for five year. If they pay the full amount in the