“the First World War Did Not Arise Primarily as a Result of Planned German Aggression” How Far Do You Agree with This Opinion?

1290 WordsDec 3, 20126 Pages
“The First World War did not arise primarily as a result of planned German aggression” How far do you agree with this opinion? Explain your answer, using sources 1, 2 and 3 and your own knowledge of the issues related to this controversy. There has been some controversy as to what or who was to blame for the outbreak of the First World War. Some people have taken the opinion that the war arose as a result of “planned German aggression” such as sources two and three, whereas source one is of the opinion that the Germans went to war with “defensive” intentions and that they didn’t have any “special plan to dominate Europe”. It can be argued that the Schlieffen Plan was openly rigid and brittle which meant that the Germans had no choice…show more content…
However, I know from my own knowledge that the German’s invented the Schlieffen Plan, a German battle plan that was made many years prior to 1914 as a way to prevent a war on two fronts, implying that they would be at war at some point. This shows aggressive intent and would contradict the views of source 1 and the statement above, and yet agree with those of source two. Furthermore source 3 presents the idea that there was “inevitability” and “necessity” for war, thus showing us that Germany was indeed preparing for this and doing so through their aggressive nature. As well as this, the war was also influenced by other ideas presented by this source, for example: the recovery by France of Alsace-Lorraine and the securing for Russia of Constantinople and the Straits. This would contradict the points that were earlier made about German’s aggression shining through and would in fact suggest to us that they had no other alternative but to try and take back what the believed to be theirs. In addition to this, there was indeed another big factor in the beginning of war which is presented by source 3, and that was “the British concern that the coast of Belgium should not be occupied by a hostile power”. Once again we could interpret this is two ways, one being that it was the British that then made the first move regarding the outbreak of war because of this reason which would therefore

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