the Internet-Enhanced Self-Disclosure Hypothesis by Valkenburg and Peter

2313 WordsJul 13, 201810 Pages
As defined by Baron and Branscombe (2011), self-esteem refers to an individuals overall attitude toward themselves, or sense of self worth. A major influencer of self-esteem is social connectedness, or an individual’s sense of belongingness to his or her social environments and networks (Lee & Robbins, 1998). For example, being excluded or ignored by ones peers is said to be psychologically painful, therefore causing reduction in self-esteem (Baron & Branscombe, 2011). Thus, social connectedness and self-esteem can be considered to be positively associated. With this in mind, there has been on going debate since the end of the 20th century on the role that the Internet is playing in effecting the quality of social relationships among…show more content…
It is this internalization of social experiences that comes to serve as the foundation for the individual’s sense of connectedness. Previous research on the relationship between offline social connectedness and psychological well-being has found evidence supporting the idea that connectedness is associated with future mental health (Shochet, Smith, Furlong, & Homel, 2011). It is believed that individuals with high levels of social connectedness have certain qualities, such as their ability to manage needs and emotions through cognitive processes and high levels of interpersonal trust, that make them less likely to experience low levels of psychological well-being, and more likely take advantage of opportunities that will further enhance their sense of connectedness (Lee & Robbins, 1998). On the other hand, however, Lee and Robbins (1998) explain that individuals with low levels of social connectedness are quite the opposite. They are unable to manage their emotional state effectively, resulting in lower levels of self-esteem, higher levels of anxiety and depression, as well as an avoidance of social opportunities that might improve their low sense of connectedness as a result of their inability to form high levels of interpersonal trust. With this in mind, it is easier to understand why early

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