the role of project management in achieving project's success

6130 Words25 Pages
International Journal of Project Management Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 81-87, 1996
Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd and IPMA
Printed in Great Britain. All rights reserved
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The role of project management in achieving project success
A K Munns and B F Bjeirmi
University of Dundee, Department of Civil Engineering, Dundee, Scotland DD1 4HN, UK

The role of different project management techniques to implement projects successfully has been widely established in areas such as the planning and control of time, cost and quality. In spite of this the distinction between the project and project management is less than precise.
This paper aims to identify the overlap between
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It is concerned with on-time delivery, within-budget expenditures and appropriate performance standards. This is the context of the short-term life of the project development and delivery.
Once delivery is achieved the management, as it relates to planning and control of the development and delivery, will cease. A new, or different form of management, will then establish the operation and control of the project use from this point on. The focus, therefore, of project management is distinct from that of the project because it is short term, until delivery of the project for use. In contrast the project itself is long term, based on the whole life rather than just the development cycle.
Having established this distinction between the project and project management it is possible to start to distinguish between success and failure of the two.
Project success or failure
The definition of a project has suggested that there is an orientation towards higher and long-term goals. Important parameters within the goals will be return on investment, profitability, competition and market ability.
A range of variables and factors will affect the ability to achieve these goals, which have been identified by various authors. The following list has been derived from the writings of Cash and Fox 4, Baker et al.5'6, Kerzner 3, Wit 2 and KumarT: (a) objectives; (b) project administration; (c)
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