##ymbolism In Voltaire's Eldorado To Abolize Utopia?

Decent Essays
Eldorado is a fictional place. Many objects made out of gold were found in South America when the Spanish people first travelled there. The conclusion the Spanish people came to was that there must have been a city of gold. They named this city, Eldorado. They believed if they found Eldorado, they would become rich from all the gold present in the city. In the novella, “Candide”, Voltaire writes Eldorado as his version of utopia. Throughout the novella Voltaire criticizes Leibniz’s philosophy of people living in the best of all possible worlds. Eldorado is portrayed as the best of all possible worlds, while the rest of the places in the novella seem terrible in comparison because of how Voltaire wrote the characters’ points of views. Voltaire also criticizes the power of the clergy and the influence of wealth. To what extent does Voltaire use Eldorado to symbolize utopia?

First of all, Voltaire wrote Eldorado as an ideal world. There is a king in Eldorado, but he does not abuse his power.

“that kind of tyranny is sanctioned by neither our customs nor our laws. All men are free.” (Voltaire p. 66)

This quotation shows there are customs and laws in Eldorado, but all the people are free. The king is telling Candide and Cacambo they are free to leave Eldorado, the king does not have the power to make them stay. During Candide and Cacambo’s stay in Eldorado, Voltaire gives the reader a lot of information on the religion in Eldorado. Voltaire thought popes were corrupt because
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