Principles of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text

5th Edition

ISBN: 9781133104261

Author: Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Question

10. A box has a weight of 150 Newtons. The

11. You tie another box onto the one you were dragging around in problem 10. Box #2 is on wheels (frictionless), which is attached to Box #1 (50 N of friction), and you are dragging the whole thing by pulling on Box #1 with 150 N of force. Draw a picture, use Newton’s 2nd Law to find the acceleration of the whole thing, then apply it again to find the tension in the cord between Box #1 and Box #2.

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a shopper in a supermarket pushes a cart with a force of 35 N directed at an angle of 25 below the horizontal. The force is just sufficient to overcome various frictional forces, so the cart moves at constant speed, (a) Find the work done by the shopper as she moves down a 50.0-m length aisle, (b) What is the net work done on the cart? Why? (c) The shopper goes down the next aisle, pushing horizontally and maintaining the same speed as before. If the work done by frictional forces doesnt change, would the shoppers applied force be larger, smaller, or the same? What about the work done on the cart by the shopper?

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Spiderman, whose mass is 80.0 kg, is dangling on the free end of a 12.0-m-long rope, the other end of which is fixed to a tree limb above. By repeatedly bending at the waist, he is able to get the rope in motion, eventually getting it to swing enough that he can reach a ledge when the rope makes a 60.0 angle with the vertical. How much work was done by the gravitational force on Spiderman in this maneuver?

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As a simple pendulum swings back and forth, the forces acting on the suspended object are the force of gravity, the tension in the supporting cord, and air resistance, (a) Which of these forces, if any, does no work on the pendulum? (b) Which of these forces does negative work at all times during the pendulums motion? (c) Describe the work done by the force of gravity while the pendulum is swinging.

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Physics Review A team of huskies performs 7 440 J of work on a loaded sled of mass 124 kg, drawing it from rest up a 4.60-m high snow-covered rise while the sled loses 1 520 J due to friction, (a) What is the net work done on the sled by the huskies and friction? (b) What is the change in the sleds potential energy? (c) What is the speed of the sled at the top of the rise? (See Section 5.5.)

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A sled of mass 70 kg starts from rest and slides down a 10 incline 80 m long. It then travels for 20 m horizontally before starting back up an 8° incline. It travels 80 m along this incline before coming to rest. What is the magnitude of the net work done on the sled by friction?

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Explorers in the jungle find an ancient monument in the shape of a large isosceles triangle as shown in Figure P9.25. The monument is made from tens of thousands of small stone blocks of density 3 800 kg/m3. The monument is 15.7 m high and 64.8 m wide at its base and is everywhere 3.60 m thick from front to back. Before the monument was built many years ago, all the stone blocks lay on the ground. How much work did laborers do on the blocks to put them in position while building the entire monument? Note: The gravitational potential energy of an objectEarth system is given by Ug = MgyCM, where M is the total mass of the object and yCM is the elevation of its center of mass above the chosen reference level.

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As a mass tied to the end of a string strings from its highest point down to its lowest point, it is acted on by three forces: gravity, tension, and air resistance. Which force does (a) positive work? (b) negative work? (c) zero work?

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A student who weighs 556 N climbs a stairway (vertical height of 4.0 m) in 25 s. (a) How much work is done? (b) What is the power output of the student?

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A particle moves along the xaxis from x = 12.8 m to x = 23.7 m under the influence of a force F=375x3+3.75x where F is in newtons and x is in meters. Using numerical integration, determine the work done by this force on the particle during this displacement. Your result should he accurate to within 2%.

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A particle is subject to a force Fx that varies with position as shown in Figure P7.9. Find the work done by the force on the particle as it moves (a) from x = 0 to x = 5.00 m, (b) from x = 5.00 m to x = 10.0 m, and (c) from x = 10.0 m to x = 15.0 m. (d) What is the total work done by the force over the distance x = 0 to x = 15.0 m?

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A raindrop of mass 3.35 10-5 kg falls vertically at constant speed under the influence of gravity and air resistance. Model the drop as a particle. As it falls 100 in, what is the work (lone on the raindrop (a) by the gravitational force and (b) by air resistance?

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