Question
10.124 Chlorine dioxide gas (CIO2) is used as a commercial bleach-
ing agent. It bleaches materials by oxidizing them. In the
course of these reactions, the CIO2 is itself reduced. (a)
What is the Lewis structure for CLO2? (b) Why do you think
that CIO2 is reduced so readily? (c) When a CIO2 molecule
gains an electron, the chlorite ion, ClO2, forms. Draw the
Lewis structure for CLO2. (d) Predict the O-Cl-Obond
angle in the CIO2 ion. (e) One method of preparing ClO2
is by the reaction of chlorine and sodium chlorite
2 CIO2(8) + 2NaCl(s)
Cl2(g) + 2 NaCIO2 (s) -
expand button
Transcribed Image Text:10.124 Chlorine dioxide gas (CIO2) is used as a commercial bleach- ing agent. It bleaches materials by oxidizing them. In the course of these reactions, the CIO2 is itself reduced. (a) What is the Lewis structure for CLO2? (b) Why do you think that CIO2 is reduced so readily? (c) When a CIO2 molecule gains an electron, the chlorite ion, ClO2, forms. Draw the Lewis structure for CLO2. (d) Predict the O-Cl-Obond angle in the CIO2 ion. (e) One method of preparing ClO2 is by the reaction of chlorine and sodium chlorite 2 CIO2(8) + 2NaCl(s) Cl2(g) + 2 NaCIO2 (s) -
Expert Solution

Want to see the full answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here
Blurred answer
Students who’ve seen this question also like:
Chemistry
Chemistry
10th Edition
ISBN: 9781305957404
Author: Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Not helpful? See similar books
Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemical Foundations. 1RQ
marketing sidebar icon
Want to see this answer and more?
Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*
*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.

Related Chemistry Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: Describe the changes (if any) in potential energy and in kinetic energy among the molecules when…

A: The changes in potential energy and in kinetic energy among the molecules when gaseous PCl3…

Q: Are hydrogen bonds modelled in molecular mechanics as weak covalent bonds, as strong van der Waals…

A: Hydrogen bond forms between hydrogen atoms and the most electronegative atoms which are O, N and F.…

Q: 5. Identify the principal intermolecular force in the following: HCN, SO2, NH3, HF, BH3, CHCI3

A: Intermolecular forces are the force of attraction between two atoms or molecules that hold them…

Q: How many grams of solid lithium (Li) must be added to liquid water in order to obtain 99.5 L of…

A: Given: The volume of hydrogen gas (H2) at STP is 99.5 L

Q: 1. When a chunk of dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) is placed out in the air, the solid gradually…

A: Solid carbon dioxide is called dry ice. This molecule is found as a gas in the air.

Q: Which of the following compounds can exhibit hydrogen bonding? Explain why. NH3 (ammonia), H2O…

A: Interaction between the hydrogen atom of one molecule and electronegative atom(F/O/N) of another…

Q: 3. Identify in sulphur dioxide SO2, the type of i. intramolecular bonding, ii. intermolecular…

A: Since you have asked multiple question, we will solve the first question for you. If youwant any…

Q: Which of the following molecules would exhibit the most ideal behavior? A) H2 B) O2 C) N2 D) He E)…

A: The gas having negligible volume and no intermolecular force of attraction between particles is…

Q: Which of the following molecules would exhibit the most ideal behavior? A) H2 B) O2 C) N2 D) He E)…

A: A particle which exhibits the most ideal behaviour will show following characteristics: Have no…

Q: The later halogens form pentafluorides ClF5, BrF5 and IF5 at 0oC, one of these is a solid, one a…

A: There will be exist dipole-dipole forces among the given molecules ClF5, BrF5 and IF5 as they are…

Q: 4. Identify the most important type of intermolecular force present in the solids of each of the…

A: The forces of attraction that act between nearby particles are known as intermolecular forces of…

Q: Under similar conditions, which of the following gases would be predicted to behave less like an…

A: An ideal gas does not contain any forces except the collisions between the gaseous molecules and the…

Q: Consider the molecule KrF2. What is the: a) VSEPR notation b) molecular geometry c) bond angle d)…

A: VSEPR - This theory is used to predict the arrangement of electron pairs around the central atoms in…

Q: Which substance in each of the following pairs would you expect to have the higher boiling point?…

A: Given that a some following pair compounds. following pair is a substance of higher boiling point.

Q: (a) How many grams of H2 can be stored in 100.0 kg of thealloy FeTi if the hydride FeTiH2 is formed?…

A: Solution: a) part The formation of FeTiH2 is given with the following reaction: No. of moles of…

Q: Calcium oxide can be used to "scrub" carbon dioxide from air.  CaO(s)+CO2->CaCO3(s)  a) What mass of…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: 5.55 The density of the vapor of a compound at 90°C and 720 mmHg is 1.434 g/L. Calculate the…

A: According to Ideal gas law PV = nRTWhere P = pressureV = volumen = molesR = Gas constantT =…

Q: Melting occurs in going from region VII V VI 1 atm I II IV III O III to II. I to II. OI to III. IIl…

A: The given phase diagram can be used to predict different phase transition processes. Some of them…

Q: Which member of each pair of compounds forms intermol-ecular H bonds? Draw the H-bonded structures…

A: Generally H-bond is formed between a hydrogen molecule and  either a oxygen, nitrogen, or fluorine…

Q: 11b. Sodium chloride has a lattice structure. Describe the lattice structure of sodium chloride…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: 1) State the number of degrees of freedom of a gas composed of one of the following a. Ne (neon…

A: Degrees of freedom = 3N  N = number of atoms

Q: Describe the condensation of water vapor inthe atmosphere.

A: The conversion of the water vapor into the liquid form is called condensation process. The…

Q: Calcium oxide can be used to "scrub" carbon dioxide from air. CaO(s) + CO2 (g0 --> CaCO3 (s) What…

A: Since 1 mole of CaO is reacting with 1 mole of CO2  Hence moles of CO2 that will  be absorbed =…

Q: Which of the following molecules will exhibit intermolecular hydrogen bonding? `OH NH i ii i iv O l…

A: To form inter-molecular H-bonding presence of a H directly attached to highly electronegative…

Q: Why do the noble gases have such low boiling points?

A: The explanation is as given below:

Q: 6. Identify the principal intermolecular forces in the following compounds: HF, С,Н, NCI3, Br2, HI

A: There are following intermolecular forces : Van der waal forces  London dispersion forces Hydrogen…

Q: Of the following molecules, which pair can form hydrogen bonds? HCI and HI O CH and H,O O NH, and…

A: Hydrogen bond is an attractive force between the hydrogen atom and one of the electronegative atom…

Q: What the mass of methane must be burn to raise 2.00 Kg of water at 20 celcius to 100 celcius ?(Heat…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Which can have intermolecular dipole-dipole attraction among the following among the following? O CH…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: why are H bonds the strongest example of a dipole dipole bond?

A: The H-bonding is a special type of dipole-dipole interaction. In some of the molecules containing H…

Q: What kind of intermolecular force (s) are there between the following pairs of particles? a. HBr and…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: kinetic molecular theory states that:

A: All the gase laws like Boyle's law, Charles law and Avogadro's law are given based on experimental…

Q: Which of the following does not have hydrogen bonds? A) CH3OH B)HCI C)NH3 D)HF

A: Hydrogen bonding is a attractive force which is bonded with the more electronegative element of…

Q: which of the following is true for liquid water that is boling? as it boils liquid attractive…

A: Answer. The order of force of attraction in the water molecules is as follows. Solid > Liquid…

Q: Which of He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe has the highest boiling point. Explain your answer.

A: Boiling point: The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid becomes equal to the…

Q: Which can have intermolecular dipole-dipole attraction among the following among the following? CH 4…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Why do ethanol and dimethyl ether have such different properties even though they have the same…

A: Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) and Dimethyl ether (CH3OCH3) have same molecular formula that is,C2H6O. Both…

Q: 7. Rank the following compounds from weakest intermolecular forces to strongest. Justify your…

A: Intermolecular forces are,

Q: The hydrides of group 5A are NH3NH3, PH3PH3, AsH3AsH3, and SbH3SbH3. Arrange them from highest to…

A: The boiling point of compounds is dependent on the dispersion/intermolecular forces. Greater the…

Q: Which of the following pairs of molecules possess the highest boiling point? Cl2 and CH4 NH3 and…

A: The highest boiling point is observed in those which form hydrogen bonding.

Q: Which of the following pairs of molecules possess the highest boiling point? Cl2 and CH4 NH3 and…

A: Boiling point depends on the intermolecular forces of attraction. Greater the ionic character in the…

Q: The energy of the van der Waals bond, which is responsible for a number of the characteristics of…

A: (a) It is given that the van der Waals bond energy for water is 0.50 eV. The expression for…

Q: Urea is an organic compound widely used as a fertilizer. Its solubility in water allows it to be…

A: Urea, also recognized as carbamide, is an organic compound with a chemical composition of CO(NH2)2.…

Q: What is the difference between van der Waals forces and ionic bonds? Please explain in detail.

A: Intermolecular forces refer to the type of interactions which are present in between atoms or…

Q: 2.1 Consider the table below. Compare the boiling points of 3 molecules with the same molar mass. Mm…

A: Dipole moment: It is the extent of the polarity of a molecule. If a molecule is formed from the…

Q: Intermolecular forces are strongest in O solid O liquid O gas plasma [Ne] 3s? 3P3 is a electronic…

A: Intermolecular forces are strongest in solid.

Q: Which of the following is predicted to have the lowest boiling point? A.)I2 B.)CS2 C.)CCl4…

A: Click to see the answer

Q: Q4. What is meant by ionic bonds in solids? Describe in detail.

A: Solids are compounds with strong intermolecular attractive forces. Solids are generally divided as:…

Q: What is the strongest intermolecular force present in C6H6?

A: In the benzene molecule, there is a strong covalent bond between the two carbon atoms and the…

Q: For each compound in the table below, decide whether there would be any hydrogen-bonding force…

A: Click to see the answer

Knowledge Booster
Recommended textbooks for you
  • Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305957404
    Author:Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781259911156
    Author:Raymond Chang Dr., Jason Overby Professor
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Principles of Instrumental Analysis
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305577213
    Author:Douglas A. Skoog, F. James Holler, Stanley R. Crouch
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
  • Organic Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9780078021558
    Author:Janice Gorzynski Smith Dr.
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305079373
    Author:William L. Masterton, Cecile N. Hurley
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Bind...
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781118431221
    Author:Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
    Publisher:WILEY
  • Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305957404
    Author:Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781259911156
    Author:Raymond Chang Dr., Jason Overby Professor
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Principles of Instrumental Analysis
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305577213
    Author:Douglas A. Skoog, F. James Holler, Stanley R. Crouch
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Organic Chemistry
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9780078021558
    Author:Janice Gorzynski Smith Dr.
    Publisher:McGraw-Hill Education
    Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781305079373
    Author:William L. Masterton, Cecile N. Hurley
    Publisher:Cengage Learning
    Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Bind...
    Chemistry
    ISBN:9781118431221
    Author:Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
    Publisher:WILEY