2.Some important properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes.YCH3нAImportant m oleculesнКтоhave been:OHCH3"CHЗ2,2,4-trimethylpentane(оctane number %3D100)Menthol(flavoring of mint-chip ice cream)ea)Draw a "constitutional" isomer of each structure above.он,en quesIHwhichtes, oroHMentmulC CHhink db)Draw a "functional group" isomer of menthol.H,C.Hme insedansidCH3mpсH,hoterDraw a "stereoisomer," (i.e., a geometric isomer) of menthol.c)CHSH8*0CAEAdd methyl groups to the structure of 2,2,4-trimethyl pentane so that it has only (1°) primaryand (4°) quaternary carbons.2

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Asked Oct 15, 2019
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2.
Some important properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes.
Y
CH3
н
A
Important m olecules
н
Кто
have been:
OH
CH3
"CHЗ
2,2,4-trimethylpentane
(оctane number %3D100)
Menthol
(flavoring of mint-chip ice cream)
e
a)
Draw a "constitutional" isomer of each structure above.
он,
en ques
IH
which
tes, or
oH
Mentmul
C CH
hink d
b)
Draw a "functional group" isomer of menthol.
H,C.
H
me in
sed
an
sid
CH3
mp
сH,
hot
er
Draw a "stereoisomer," (i.e., a geometric isomer) of menthol.
c)
CHS
H
8*0
CAE
Add methyl groups to the structure of 2,2,4-trimethyl pentane so that it has only (1°) primary
and (4°) quaternary carbons.
2
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2. Some important properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes. Y CH3 н A Important m olecules н Кто have been: OH CH3 "CHЗ 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (оctane number %3D100) Menthol (flavoring of mint-chip ice cream) e a) Draw a "constitutional" isomer of each structure above. он, en ques IH which tes, or oH Mentmul C CH hink d b) Draw a "functional group" isomer of menthol. H,C. H me in sed an sid CH3 mp сH, hot er Draw a "stereoisomer," (i.e., a geometric isomer) of menthol. c) CHS H 8*0 CAE Add methyl groups to the structure of 2,2,4-trimethyl pentane so that it has only (1°) primary and (4°) quaternary carbons. 2

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Expert Answer

Step 1

(a)

Two compounds are considered as constitutional isomers if they have same molecular formula but different in their connectivity. Constitutional isomers of menthol and 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is shown below,

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CH3 H Он HаС CHз Constitutional isomers of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane Constitutional isomers of menthol

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Step 2

(b)

Two compounds are considered as functional group isomers if they have same molecular formula but connectivity of atoms are in a way that functional group differs. Functional group isomer of menthol is shown below,

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H3 Нас H н -CH3 "CHз Functional group isomer of menthol

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Step 3

(c)

Two compounds with same molecular formula but different in their orientation a...

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Нас пиНН .н Он Hас CH3 Stereoisomer of menthol

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