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Asked Jun 20, 2019
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Please name the following compounds 

-4
OH
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-4 OH

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Expert Answer

Step 1

The compound (I) contains carboxylic acid as a functional group. The longest chain in the compound is of six carbons. The parent name of the carbon chain is derived from the respective hydrocarbon and the suffix –“oic acid” is added for carboxylic functional group and the ethyl and methyl substituents prefixed according to the alphabetical order before the parent name. Thus, the compound name is 3-ethyl-4-methyl-hexanoic acid.

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OH 2

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Step 2

The functional group present in the compound (II) is ketone. Further, considering the longest chain of five carbons. The parent name of the carbon chain is derived from the respective hydrocarbon and the suffix –“one” is added for ketonic functional group and the chloro group present as substituent is prefixed. Thus, the compound name is 4-chloro-pentan-2-one.

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3 FI

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Step 3

The functional group present in the compound (III) is ketone substituted over cyclohexane and at carbon-4,...

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4 3

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