Question
Asked Oct 21, 2019
14 views

 

4. Name several ways microbes can attach to host tissues/cells. 

check_circle

Expert Answer

Step 1

Microbes can attach to host tissue via mainly two types of routes:

  • Adherence to mucosal surface within the host’s body (includes area of linings of digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive tracts)
  • Adherence to cell or tissue surface on the outside of body (includes area of skin that are damaged or undamaged).
Step 2

Adherence (attachment) to mucosal surface: This form of attachment requires two factors, a ligand and a receptor. Receptors are specific carbohydrates or peptide residue present on the eukaryotic cell surface. A bacterial ligand known as adhesin is a macromolecular component of microbial cell surface, which interacts with receptor.

Step 3

Adherence (attachment) to cell or tissue surface: It involves two types:

  • Nonspecific adherence: reversible attachment of the microbe to the eukaryote cell surface. Also called as ‘Docking’. Forces and interactions involved in this process are; hydrophobic interaction, electrostatic interaction, atomic and molecular vibrations, and Brownian movem...

Want to see the full answer?

See Solution

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Solutions are written by subject experts who are available 24/7. Questions are typically answered within 1 hour.*

See Solution
*Response times may vary by subject and question.
Tagged in

Science

Biology

Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by student like you
Show more Q&A
add
question_answer

Q: In terms of chromosome mutations, what are the significance of monosomy/trisomy, auto/allo polyploid...

A: MutationMutation is a sudden change that occurs in DNA or gene due to mistake during DNA is copied o...

question_answer

Q: In my study guide, I have been going through notes and I am unsure of the topic on muscle arrangemen...

A: Joints are the point of contact between two bones or a bone and a cartilage or between bones and tee...

question_answer

Q: Would the muscles that cause flexion of the neck have their origin or insertion on the head? Explain...

A: Yes, the muscles that cause flexion of the neck have their origin or insertion on the head.

question_answer

Q: Put in the correct order the following steps of the lytic cycle in phage replication: 1. Phage compo...

A: The lytic cycle is one of two cycles of viral replication, the other being the lysogenic cycle. The ...

question_answer

Q: What is the definition of Meningitis?

A: The nervous system is the network of neurons and nerve fibers that aids in transmission of nerve sig...

question_answer

Q: Choose the possible places a water molecule can go once it has traveled from the roots to a leaf cel...

A: Water and minerals are absorbed by the root hairs and transported to the various parts of the pant b...

question_answer

Q: WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC NERVIUS SYSTEM ON THE CARDIAC OUTPUT>

A: Cardiac output is defined as the volume of blood pumped out of the heart’s ventricle in one minute. ...

question_answer

Q: What are the four different levels of a protein structure?

A: Proteins are the building blocks of life. They are the most common molecules found in all cells. The...

question_answer

Q: Discuss the importance of redox reactions in the metabolism of glucose. Be sure to address nicotinam...

A: Cellular respiration involves many reactions where electrons are passed from one molecule to another...