Question

Asked May 19, 2019

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A study was conducted to see whether participants would ignore a sign that said, "Elevator may stick between floors. Use the stairs." Those who used the stairs were said to be compliant, and those who used the elevator were said to be noncomplaiant. There were three possible situations, two of which involved confederates. A confederate is a person who is secretly working with the experimenter. In the first situation, there was no confederate. In the second situation, there was a compliant confederate (one who used the stairs), and in the third situation, there was a noncompliant confederate (one who used the elevator). The subjects tended to imitate the confederates. What more do you need to know about the study to determine whether the prescence or absence of a confederate causes a change in the compliance of subjects?

Step 1

**Explanation:**

Here, the experimenter controls the presence/absence of the confederates, as its effect is being studied. However, several other factors may also affect the way a subject reacts to the presence or absence of a confederate. If such factors are not considered and controlled for, the study may provide false results. We will discuss a few of those factors.

**Age of the subjects:**If the subjects comprise of a large proportion of elderly people, then it is very likely that they would take the elevator due to health conditions, even if they wish to imitate the compliant confederate and take the stairs.**Type of building:**The type of building chosen for the experiment would affect the behaviour of the respondents. If the building is a hospital, retirement home, school for disabled children, etc., the subjects in that place may need to ignore the confederates and take the elevator, again due to health reasons.**Number of storeys:**If the building is a high-rise, say, with 25 storeys, and a subject at the bottom of the building wishes to go to one of the higher fl...

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