Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Foundations and Connections

1st Edition

ISBN: 9781133939146

Author: Katz, Debora M.

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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A 2.1-kg cart is rolling along a frictionless, horizontal track towards a 1.4-kg cart that is held initially at rest. The carts are loaded with strong magnets that cause them to attract one another. Thus, the speed of each cart increases. At a certain instant before the carts collide, the first cart's velocity is +4.9 m/s, and the second cart's velocity is -1.8 m/s. **(a)** What is the total momentum of the system of the two carts at this instant? **(b)** What was the velocity of the first cart when the second cart was still at rest?

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A 57.0-g tennis ball is traveling straight at a player at 21.0 m/s. The player volleys the ball straight back at 25.0 m/s. If the ball remains in contact with the racket for 0.060 s, what average force acts on the ball? (a) 22.6 N (b) 32.5 N (c) 43.7 N (d) 72.1 N (e) 102 N

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A 2.00-kg particle has a velocity (2.00i3.00j)m/s, and a 3.00-kg particle has a velocity (1.00i+6.00j)m/s. Find (a) the velocity of the center of mass and (b) the total momentum of the system.

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A space probe, initially at rest, undergoes an internal mechanical malfunction and breaks into three pieces. One piece of mass ml = 48.0 kg travels in the positive x-direction at 12.0 m/s, and a second piece of mass m2 = 62.0 kg travels in the xy-plane at an angle of 105 at 15.0 m/s. The third piece has mass m3 = 112 kg. (a) Sketch a diagram of the situation, labeling the different masses and their velocities, (b) Write the general expression for conservation of momentum in the x- and y-directions in terms of m1, m2, m3, v1, v2 and v3 and the sines and cosines of the angles, taking to be the unknown angle, (c) Calculate the final x-components of the momenta of m1 and m2. (d) Calculate the final y-components of the momenta of m1 and m2. (e) Substitute the known momentum components into the general equations of momentum for the x- and y-directions, along with the known mass m3. (f) Solve the two momentum equations for v3 cos and v3 sin , respectively, and use the identity cos2 + sin2 = 1 to obtain v3. (g) Divide the equation for v3 sin by that for v3 cos to obtain tan , then obtain the angle by taking the inverse tangent of both sides, (h) In general, would three such pieces necessarily have to move in the same plane? Why?

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An bullet of mass m = 8.00 g is fired into a block of mass M = 250 g that is initially at rest at the edge of a table of height h = 1.00 m (Fig. P6.42). The bullet remains in the block, and after the impact the block lands d = 2.00 m from the bottom of the table. Determine the initial speed of the bullet. Figure P6.42

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