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Ammonia and sulfuric acid react to form ammonium sulfate. (a) Write an equation for the reaction(b) Determine the starting mass (in grams) of eachreactant if 20.3 g of ammonium sulfate is producedand 5.89 g of sulfuric acid remains unreacted.3.84

Question
Ammonia and sulfuric acid react to form ammo
nium sulfate. (a) Write an equation for the reaction
(b) Determine the starting mass (in grams) of each
reactant if 20.3 g of ammonium sulfate is produced
and 5.89 g of sulfuric acid remains unreacted.
3.84
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Ammonia and sulfuric acid react to form ammo nium sulfate. (a) Write an equation for the reaction (b) Determine the starting mass (in grams) of each reactant if 20.3 g of ammonium sulfate is produced and 5.89 g of sulfuric acid remains unreacted. 3.84

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Step 1

(a)

Balanced equation for the given reaction follows as,

2 NH HSO
(NHS
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2 NH HSO (NHS

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Step 2

(b)

Ammonia is the limiting reagent in the given reaction. Mass ...

20.3 g
Mass
No. of moles of ammonia sulfate formed
132.14 g/mol
Molar mass
0.1536 mol (NH4), SO4
2 mol of NH, reacts to give 1 mol of (NH), SO4. Therefore,
0.1536 mol (NH4), SO,*2 mol NH
1 mol (NH S04
No. of mol of NH, reacted
0.3072 mol NH
Initial mass of NH
No. of mol x Molar mass
(0.3072 mol) (17.03 g/mol) 5.23 g
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20.3 g Mass No. of moles of ammonia sulfate formed 132.14 g/mol Molar mass 0.1536 mol (NH4), SO4 2 mol of NH, reacts to give 1 mol of (NH), SO4. Therefore, 0.1536 mol (NH4), SO,*2 mol NH 1 mol (NH S04 No. of mol of NH, reacted 0.3072 mol NH Initial mass of NH No. of mol x Molar mass (0.3072 mol) (17.03 g/mol) 5.23 g

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