Ammonium perchlorate (NH4ClO4) is the solid rocket fuel used by the U.S. Space Shuttle. It reacts with itself to produce nitrogen gas (N2), chlorine gas (Cl2), oxygen gas (O2), water (H2O), and a great deal of energy.What mass of nitrogen gas is produced by the reaction of 6.22g of ammonium perchlorate?

Question
Asked Oct 25, 2019

Ammonium perchlorate (NH4ClO4) is the solid rocket fuel used by the U.S. Space Shuttle. It reacts with itself to produce nitrogen gas (N2), chlorine gas (Cl2), oxygen gas (O2), water (H2O), and a great deal of energy.

What mass of nitrogen gas is produced by the reaction of 6.22g of ammonium perchlorate? 

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Step 1

The given reaction as follows,

4
2NHCIO
N2Cl2 + 202 + 4H20
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4 2NHCIO N2Cl2 + 202 + 4H20

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Step 2

Moles of nitrogen gas produced is calculated as follows,

N2+ Cl202 4H20
2NHCIO
4
4
6.22g
Mass
6.22g
117.49g/mol
0.053mole
Moles
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N2+ Cl202 4H20 2NHCIO 4 4 6.22g Mass 6.22g 117.49g/mol 0.053mole Moles

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Step 3

Hence,

2 mole of NH4ClO4 produces 1 moles of N2

0.053 Mole of NH4ClO4 requires ‘x’ mole of N2

The...

( moles N 0.053 mole NH ClO4
(2 mole NH CIO4
4
x mole of N2
= 0.0265 moles
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( moles N 0.053 mole NH ClO4 (2 mole NH CIO4 4 x mole of N2 = 0.0265 moles

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