Analyzing an Inventory Footnote DisclosureThe inventory footnote from Deere & Company’s 2015 10-K follows.Inventories Most inventories owned by Deere & Company and its U.S. equipment subsidiaries are valued at cost, on the “last-in, first-out” (LIFO) basis. Remaining inventories are generally valued at the lower of cost, on the “first-in, first-out” (FIFO) basis, or market. The value of gross inventories on the LIFO basis represented 66 percent and 65 percent of worldwide gross inventories at FIFO value at October 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. If all inventories had been valued on a FIFO basis, estimated inventories by major classification at October 31 in millions of dollars would have been as follows: $ millions 2015 2014 Raw materials and supplies $1,559 $1,724 Work-in-process 450 654 Finished goods and parts 3,234 3,360 Total FIFO value 5,243 5,738 Less adjustment to LIFO value 1,426 1,528 Inventories $3,817 $4,210   This footnote reveals that not all of Deere's inventories are reported using the same inventory costing method (companies can use different inventory costing methods for different inventory pools).a. What amount does Deere report for inventories on its 2015 balance sheets? $Answer    millionb. What would Deere have reported as inventories on its 2015 balance sheet had the company used FIFO inventory costing for all of its inventories? $Answer    millionc. What cumulative effect has the use of LIFO inventory costing had, as of year-end 2015, on Deere's pretax income compared with the pretax income it would have reported had it used FIFO inventory costing for all of its inventories?Deere's cumulative pretax income has Answerdecreasedincreased by $Answer    million since it adpoted LIFO inventory costing.d. Assuming a 35% income tax rate, by what cumulative dollars amount has Deere's tax expense been affected by use of LIFO inventory costing as of year-end 2015? Has the use of LIFO inventory costing increased or decreased Deere's cumulative tax expense?(Round answer to one decimal place.)Deere's cumulative income taxes were Answerhigherlower by $Answer    million as compared to the taxes that would've been paid under the FIFO system.e. What effect has the use of LIFO inventory costing had on Deere's pretax income and tax expense for 2015 only (assume a 35% income tax rate)?(Round answers to one decimal place, if applicable.)2015 pretax income Answerdecreasedincreased by $Answer    million.2015 tax expense Answerdecreasedincreased by $Answer    million.

Question

Analyzing an Inventory Footnote Disclosure
The inventory footnote from Deere & Company’s 2015 10-K follows.

Inventories Most inventories owned by Deere & Company and its U.S. equipment subsidiaries are valued at cost, on the “last-in, first-out” (LIFO) basis. Remaining inventories are generally valued at the lower of cost, on the “first-in, first-out” (FIFO) basis, or market. The value of gross inventories on the LIFO basis represented 66 percent and 65 percent of worldwide gross inventories at FIFO value at October 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. If all inventories had been valued on a FIFO basis, estimated inventories by major classification at October 31 in millions of dollars would have been as follows:

$ millions

2015 2014
Raw materials and supplies $1,559 $1,724
Work-in-process 450 654
Finished goods and parts 3,234 3,360
Total FIFO value 5,243 5,738
Less adjustment to LIFO value 1,426 1,528
Inventories $3,817 $4,210

 

This footnote reveals that not all of Deere's inventories are reported using the same inventory costing method (companies can use different inventory costing methods for different inventory pools).

a. What amount does Deere report for inventories on its 2015 balance sheets? $Answer

 

 million

b. What would Deere have reported as inventories on its 2015 balance sheet had the company used FIFO inventory costing for all of its inventories? $Answer

 

 million

c. What cumulative effect has the use of LIFO inventory costing had, as of year-end 2015, on Deere's pretax income compared with the pretax income it would have reported had it used FIFO inventory costing for all of its inventories?

Deere's cumulative pretax income has Answerdecreasedincreased by $Answer

 

 million since it adpoted LIFO inventory costing.

d. Assuming a 35% income tax rate, by what cumulative dollars amount has Deere's tax expense been affected by use of LIFO inventory costing as of year-end 2015? Has the use of LIFO inventory costing increased or decreased Deere's cumulative tax expense?
(Round answer to one decimal place.)
Deere's cumulative income taxes were Answerhigherlower by $Answer

 

 million as compared to the taxes that would've been paid under the FIFO system.

e. What effect has the use of LIFO inventory costing had on Deere's pretax income and tax expense for 2015 only (assume a 35% income tax rate)?
(Round answers to one decimal place, if applicable.)
2015 pretax income Answerdecreasedincreased by $Answer

 

 million.
2015 tax expense Answerdecreasedincreased by $Answer

 

 million.

 

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