Question

ANATOMY QUESTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which the myelin sheaths are destroyed. Please explain what process does this interfere with and what would be the consequences?

Expert Answer

Want to see the step-by-step answer?

Check out a sample Q&A here.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.
Tagged in
Science
Biology

Related Biology Q&A

Find answers to questions asked by students like you.

Q: The normal mechanism of defecation involves:A. Stretch receptors located in the duodenum and jejunum...

A: Defecation is the final stage in the process of digestion. It is also called as bowel movement. It i...

Q: . Explain why a long open reading frame suggests theexistence of a protein-coding exon

A: Exons are the regions in DNA, which code for specific protein molecule. In order to identify exons i...

Q: Discuss genetic modifications in plants and animals,explaining how they are carried out and giving e...

A: The modification of plant and animal genome is carried out to produce organisms having desirable tra...

Q: Identify the basic processes involved in transduction and the endresults.

A: Transduction is the process by which a foreign DNA is introduced inside the target bacterial cell by...

Q: For each of the following pairs of chromatin types,which is the most condensed?a. 100 Å fiber or 300...

A: There are four levels of condensation: Nucleosome – DNA is tightly complexed with histones, wrapping...

Q: Could other inmates develop botulism from being in contact with theill prisoners?a. Yes, it can be s...

A: Botulism is a rare serious illness caused by the organism Clostridium botulinum. This bacteria produ...

Q: Distinguish major points of difference between prokaryotic andeukaryotic transcription and translati...

A: Living organisms are classified as prokaryotes and eukaryotes based on their cell fundamental struct...

Q: Outline how histone methylation and acetylation affectchromatin structure and gene expression.

A: Gene expression may be done by the transcription of DNA into mRNA and formation of polypeptide chain...

Q: Certain individuals with mild forms ofβ-thalassemia produce, in addition to normal adulthemoglobin w...

A: Homologs have the same genes in the same loci where they provide points along each chromosome which ...

Q: Explain what features of the virulence, infectious dose, andincubation period of Ebola virus increas...

A: Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes fever, body aches, and diarrhea, and sometimes bleeding...

Q: . Discuss how Benzer used deletions to map mutations inthe rII region

A: Mutations are the change in the DNA sequences of an organism. These mutations introduce a new allele...

Q: Two plants in a cross were each heterozygous for two gene pairs (AB/ab) whose loci are linked and 10...

A: Hello. Since your question has multiple sub-parts, we will solve the first three sub-parts for you. ...

Q: When 1 million cells of a culture of haploid yeastcarrying a met− auxotrophic mutation were plated o...

A: Mutations can cause a novel mutant allele to revert to wild type in a process called reverse mutatio...

Q: 3. Now that the sequence of the entire E. coli K12 straingenome (roughly 5 Mb) is known, you can det...

A: The complete genome of E.coli is 5.44 million base pairs. The genome is replicated entirely in one r...

Q: . Define reading frame and discuss its significance to thegenetic code.

A: DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. It is a genetic material that passes from parents to offspring...

Q: Discuss mutations outside the coding sequence thatcould affect gene expression

A: A mutation is defined as any change in sequence of the DNA molecule due to any biological or chemica...

Q: The human genome contains about 500 genes fortRNAs.a. Do you think that each one of these tRNA genes...

A: Transfer- RNA or t-RNA is a type of non-coding RNA. It is transcribed with the help of an enzyme RNA...

Q: Which of the enzymes from the following list wouldyou need to sequence DNA? What is the function oft...

A: DNA sequencing is a process in which the sequence of the nitrogenous bases is determined in the segm...

Q: What is southern blot? Understand PCR reaction in detail. What polymerase enzyme is used in PCR reac...

A: Both southern-blotting and PCR are types of recombinant DNA technology. Recombinant DNA technology i...

Q: Describe the role of dideoxyribonucleotides ingenerating DNA fragments for analysis

A: Sanger developed a method to determine the sequence of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) called the Sanger...

Q: Outline how the genes encoding the photoreceptorsevolved through duplication and divergence of ananc...

A: Eye is the sensory organ that is responsible for vision. The inner sensitive region, retina is made ...

Q: Summarize the factors associated with differences inmutation rate.

A: A rapid change in the sequence of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) due to physical or chemical factors is...

Q: Every chromosome has the same identical genes as every other chromosome. (T or F) Explain your answe...

A: A chromosome is a deoxyribonucleic acid molecule with part or all of the genetic material of an orga...

Q: Which of these would be the index case for the Ebola epidemic?a. Nina Pham b. the baby in Guinea c. ...

A: A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that could infect and live only within the living organism...

Q: The question is : Examples of polysaccharides that have 1,6 bonding are ___ and ____

A: Polysaccharide as the name suggests that “poly” means many and “saccharides” mean carbohydrates or s...

Q: Define mutation. Understand classification of major types of mutations.

A: A gene is the physical and functional unit of heredity. They pass information from one generation to...

Q: Indicate the major stages of phagocytosis, and describe what ishappening at each stage.

A: Phagocytosis is a process where certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells ...

Q: The mutant FMR-1 allele that causes fragile X syndrome is considered to be X-linked dominant withinc...

A: Fragile X syndrome is a genetic disorder. It causes various developmental disorders that include lea...

Q: Define allergy/hypersensitivity and explain what accounts for thereactions that occur in these condi...

A: The immune system consists of organs and processes of the body that provides resistance to infection...

Q: What is one way to determine whether a bacterial culture has receiveda recombinant plasmid?

A: Plasmids are small, extra chromosomal, and double stranded DNA structures that can replicate indepen...

Q: List three categories of posttranslational processingand provide examples of each.

A: The post-translational modification of proteins is defined as the chemical changes that occur after ...

Q: Mutations at simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci occurat a frequency of 1 × 10−3 per locus per gamete,...

A: Single sequence repeats (SSR) or microsatellites and also known as Variable number of Tandem Repeats...

Q: Describe the conditions of nutrition, pH, temperature, oxygen, andlife cycle that made it possible f...

A: Microorganisms are isolated and cultured for various reasons. The role of media in the culture, iden...

Q: Which are correct and which are not correct? 1. Amebae move by the means of pseudopodia, example E...

A: All protozoans are commonly unicellular organisms that can be categorized into three groups on the b...

Q: On a piece of paper draw the nitrogen and the carbon cycle for a terrestrial ecosystem. The cycles s...

A: Carbon and nitrogen are important macronutrients for every life form. The carbon atom makes the skel...

Q: Describe the steps in transcription that require complementary base pairing

A: Transcription is a process of synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA) especially messenger ribonucleic a...

Q: Describe the uses of BLAST searches in comparativegenomics.

A: BLAST (basic local alignment search tool) is a tool in bioinformatics that compares the different bi...

Q: . a. If you found a zinc-finger domain (which facilitates DNA binding) in a newly identified gene,wh...

A: A gene is the physical and functional unit of heredity. They pass information from one generation to...

Q: Over a period of several years, a large hospital kepttrack of the number of births of babies display...

A: Achondroplasia is a very rare autosomal dominant condition that results in dwarfism with abnormal bo...

Q: What are recombinant DNA molecules?

A: A technique that alters the phenotype of an organism when its genome is integrated with the genetica...

Q: Provide some suggestions for treating anaerobic infections bymanipulating the gas content of the env...

A: Anaerobic infections are caused by the microbes which are growing in anaerobic conditions. The treat...

Q: What is radiation? Differentiate between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in their mode of action

A: There are two types of radiation that are majorly used. They are known as ionizing radiation and non...

Q: . Describe how missense mutations were used to showthat genes determine the amino acid sequences ofp...

A: Alteration in the DNA sequence of the cell is known as a mutation. Various types of mutations found ...

Q: a. Explain how you could use worms transformedwith myo-2::GFP to find mutations that disrupt thestru...

A: The alteration of the DNA sequence of the genome in an organism is termed as mutation. It is the mai...

Q: The text stated that molecular biologists have developed elegant techniques that can convert any typ...

A: A gene is a sequence of nucleotides in genome that codes for a functioning molecule. There is a vari...

Q: Discuss the involvement of T cells in organ transplantation and thedifferent ways that grafted tissu...

A: The role of MHC (major histocompatibility complex) molecules is to attach to peptide fragments deriv...

Q: This problem investigates issues encountered in sequencing the inserts in cDNA libraries.a. If you s...

A: In genetics, complementary DNA (cDNA) is DNA synthesized from a single-stranded messenger RNA (mRNA)...

Q: Explain what is happening during each stage of infection. Compare and contrast: systemic, local, and...

A: The progression of an infection or disease occurs in four stages and there are several patterns in w...

Q: Describe the steps in translation that require complementary base pairing.

A: The process by which the mRNA converts into amino acid is termed as translation. The amino acids pro...

Q: Describe and give an example of how evolutionary and ecological processes drive biodiversity.

A: Biodiversity is defined as amount of variety between different plants, animals and other species, th...