Question
Asked Oct 4, 2019

Circle the electrophiles in the following reagents:

AlCl3                  NO3–

NO2+                  H3O+

OH-

 

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Expert Answer

Step 1

The term electrophile refers to those chemical species which are known to accept pair of electrons. They are most commonly known as electron pair acceptors. They are “electron loving” species.

Step 2

The electrophiles are positively charged or neutral chemical species which have vacant orbitals that can get attracted to the electron rich center. These species participate in a given chemical reaction by accepting a pair of electrons in order to get bonded with a nucleophile.

Step 3

The species H3O+ is an electrophile as the oxygen has a tendency to accept the electrons in its vacant p-orbit...

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