Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

9th Edition

ISBN: 9781305116399

Author: Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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A bicycle racer sprints at the end of a race to clinch a victory. The racer has an initial velocity of 11.5 m/s and accelerates at the rate of 0.500 m/s2 for 7.00 s. (a) What is his final velocity? (b) The racer continues at this velocity to the finish line. If he was 300 m from the finish line when he started to accelerate, how much time did he save? (c) One other racer was 5.00 m ahead when the winner started to accelerate, but he was unable to accelerate, and traveled at 11.8 m/s until the finish line. How far ahead of him (in meters and in seconds) did the winner finish?

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At a track meet, a runner runs the 100-m dash in 12 s. What was the runners average speed?

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Two cars are moving in the same direction in parallel lanes along a highway. At some instant, the velocity of car A exceeds the velocity of car B. Does that mean that the acceleration of car A is greater than that of car B? Explain.

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An Olympic-class sprinter starts a race with an acceleration of 4.50 m/s2. (a) What is her speed 2.40 s later? (b) Sketch a graph of her position vs. time for this period.

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An airplane leaves Chicago and makes the 3000-km trip Los Angeles in 5.0 h. A second plane leaves Chicago one-half hour later and arrives in Los Angeles at the same time. Compare the average velocities of the two planes. Ignore the curvature of Earth and the difference in altitude between the two cities.

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Consider the velocity vs. time graph of a person in an elevator shown in Figure 2.58. Suppose the elevator is initially at rest. It then accelerates for 3 seconds, maintains that velocity for 15 seconds, then decelerates for 5 seconds until it stops. The acceleration for the entire trip is not constant so we cannot use the equations of motion from Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension for the complete trip. (We could, however, use them in the three individual sections where acceleration is a constant.) Sketch graphs of (a) position vs. time and (b) acceleration vs. time for this trip.

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A graph of v(t) is shown for a world-class track sprinter in a 100-m race. (See Figure 2.67). (a) What is y1his average velocity for the first 4 s? (b) What is his instantaneous velocity at t=5 s? (c) What is his average acceleration between 0 and 4 s? (d) What is his time for the race?

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Unreasonable results A runner approaches the finish line and is 75 m away; her average speed at this position is 8 m/s. She decelerates at this point at 0.5m/s2 . How long does it take her to cross the finish line horn 75 m away? Is this reasonable?

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Lisa in her Lamborghini accelerates at (3.00i2.00j)m/s2, while Jill in her Jaguar accelerates at (1.00i3.00j)m/s2. They both start from rest at the origin. After 5.00 s, (a) what is Lisas speed with respect to Jill. (b) how far apart are they, and (c) what is Lisas acceleration relative to Jill?

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In 1967, New Zealander Burt Munro set the world record for an Indian motorcycle, on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, of 295.38 km/h. The one-way course was 8.00 km long. Acceleration rates are often described by the time it takes to reach 96.0 km/h from rest. If this time was 4.00 s and Burt accelerated at this rate until he reached his maximum speed, how long did it take Burt to complete the course?

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Parts (a), (b), and (c) of Figure 2.10 represent three graphs of the velocities of different objects moving in straight-line paths as functions of time. The possible accelerations of each object as functions of time are shown in parts (d), (c), and (f). Match each velocity vs. time graph with the acceleration vs. time graph that best describes the motion. Figure 2.10 (Quick Quiz 2.3) Match each velocity vs. time graph to its corresponding acceleration vs. time graph.

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An object that is thrown straight up falls back to Earth. This is one-dimensional motion. (a) When is its velocity zero? (b) Does its velocity change direction? (c) Does the acceleration clue to gravity have the same sign on the way up as on the way clown?

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