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Describe how the circulatory and respiratory systems are anatomically interconnected and physiologically symbiotic.

Question

Describe how the circulatory and respiratory systems are anatomically interconnected and physiologically symbiotic.

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Step 1

The respiratory system is the biological system that consists of specific organs and structures used for the gas exchange in animals. The processes of the pulmonary system include the transport of air into or out of the cell, the transport of the air spaces in the lungs and the blood stream, and the transport of the blood into and out of the capillary beds of the lungs to the body organs and tissues. The cardiovascular system, which is also known as circulatory system, is a system which allows blood to flow throughout the body and transports nutrients, gases, and other important enzymes in and out of the cells.

Step 2

The respiratory and circulatory systems are interconnected with each other to circulate oxygen throughout the body. Through respiratory system air moves in and out of the lungs, and blood moves in and out of the lungs through the pulmonary circulation that connect to the heart.

Pulmonary circulation refers to the flow of deoxygenated blood (Carbon dioxide containing blood) away from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs and carries oxygenated blood (oxygen containing blood) back to the left atrium and ventricle of the heart. In this process, the deoxygenated blood is moved out of the right ventricle into the pulmonary trunk. The pulmonary trunk divides into a left and right pulmonary artery. The left pulmonary artery enters the left lung and the right pulmonary artery enters the right lung. The pulmonary arteries divi...

Pulmonary
arteries
Pulmonary veins
Pulmonary arterioles
Aorta,
Pulmonary
venules
Alveoli
Left atrium
Gas exchange occurs
in the pulmonary capillaries
Pulmonary
trunk
Right ventricle
Left ventricle
Right atrium
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Pulmonary arteries Pulmonary veins Pulmonary arterioles Aorta, Pulmonary venules Alveoli Left atrium Gas exchange occurs in the pulmonary capillaries Pulmonary trunk Right ventricle Left ventricle Right atrium

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