Asked Dec 5, 2019

Describe the 3 functions stated in the lecture notes for the thalamus, especially its role as  a relay station/gateway


Expert Answer

Step 1

The thalamus is the paired oval masses of the brain's gray matter. It lies on each side of the third ventricle of the brain. It is formed of major thalamic nuclei that are arranged into groups. Axons from these nuclei extend to the regions of the cerebral cortex. Information from all the sensory nerves except olfaction unite on the thalamus and form synapse in at least one of its nuclei. Functions of thalamus include its reflex activity, EEG synchronization, arousal, and alertness reaction.

Step 2

The major roles of the thalamus are relay station and gateway.
The thalamus functions as the relay station for sen...

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