Question
  • Describe the function of major hormones (steroid hormones, epinephrine, insulin & glucagon) and major endocrine glands (hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal glands, pancreas) and how they regulate metabolism.
  • Explain the organs and tissues different groups use for osmoregulation including how the countercurrent exchange in the loop of Henle allows mammals to recycle water and ions.
  • Explain how organisms control osmolarity, and how their particular strategies depend on the environment they inhabit.

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