Question
Asked Nov 20, 2019
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Describe the shape of a sp2 orbital? How is it different from s-orbital? How is it different from a p-orbital? How many sp2 orbitals are there? can you form a tetrahedral molecule with a central atom having sp2 hybridization? why or why not?

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Expert Answer

Step 1

The hybridization of one s-orbital and two p-orbital takes place and form three new sp2 hybrid orbitals. The sp2 hybridized atom has three sigma bonds. Therefore, the geometry is trigonal planar as shown below.

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Step 2

The shape of atomic also depends on the presence of lone pairs. If sp2 hybridized atom has one lone pair then the geometry becomes bent as shown below.

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Step 3

The shape of s-orbital is spherical, and the shape of p-orbital is dumb-bell wherea...

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Inorganic Chemistry

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