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Asked Dec 1, 2019
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Determine the shape and bond angle of these oxynitrogen ions.
Trigonal planar
Linear
Tetrahedral
Bent
Bent
Pyramidal
180°
120°
109.5°
120°
109°
~109°
Answer Bank
NO
NO
NO2
NO3
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Determine the shape and bond angle of these oxynitrogen ions. Trigonal planar Linear Tetrahedral Bent Bent Pyramidal 180° 120° 109.5° 120° 109° ~109° Answer Bank NO NO NO2 NO3

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Expert Answer

Step 1

The shape and bond angle of these oxynitrogen ions are given below

Nitrate ion(NO3-):

  • The bonding groups present in nitrate ion is three and has no lone pair.
  • Thus, structure of NO3- is trigonal planar and the bond angle of this ion is 120o.The Lewis structure of nitrate ion is shown below

 

t0o
0:
0=N
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t0o 0: 0=N

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Step 2

Nitonium ion(NO2+):

  • The bonding groups present in nitronium ion is two and has no lone pair.
  • Thus, structure of NO2+ is linear and the bond angle of this ion is 180o.The Lewis structure of nitronium ion is shown below

 

=N=
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=N=

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Step 3

Orthonitrate ion(NO43-):

  • The bonding groups present in orthonitrate ion is four and has no lone pair.
  • Thus, structure of NO43- is tetrahedral and the bond ang...
0:
=ź-:
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0: =ź-:

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Inorganic Chemistry

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