Question
Asked Nov 17, 2019
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Distinguish between the morphology and histology of male and female urethra and specify their functions

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Expert Answer

Step 1

Urethra is a tube that extends from the urinary bladder to the urethral orifice while passing through the urogenital diaphragm and pelvis.

Step 2

The structure and function of urethra varies slightly in males and females. The morphologica...

Morphological differences
Male
Female
Histological differences
The diameter is approximately 8-The diameter is approximately 6
Female
The urethra has sphincters that
control the flow of only urine.
Male
9 mm
mm.
The urethra has sphincters that
The path of urethra is curved
The length is approximately 18-
20 cm
The path of urethra is straight.
The length is approximately 4
control the flow of semen and
urine.
cm
The urethra has two layers,
namely, outer and inner mucous
layer
The urethra has three layers,
namely, outer mucous
intermediate spongy tissue and
inner mucous layer.
The urethra opens anteriorly to
the opening of vagina.
It is not differentiated into
different regions.
The urethra opens at urethral
orifice
It is differentiated into three
regions, namely, spongy
membranous and prostatic.
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Morphological differences Male Female Histological differences The diameter is approximately 8-The diameter is approximately 6 Female The urethra has sphincters that control the flow of only urine. Male 9 mm mm. The urethra has sphincters that The path of urethra is curved The length is approximately 18- 20 cm The path of urethra is straight. The length is approximately 4 control the flow of semen and urine. cm The urethra has two layers, namely, outer and inner mucous layer The urethra has three layers, namely, outer mucous intermediate spongy tissue and inner mucous layer. The urethra opens anteriorly to the opening of vagina. It is not differentiated into different regions. The urethra opens at urethral orifice It is differentiated into three regions, namely, spongy membranous and prostatic.

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