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Does epinephrine regulate the blood glucose levels?


Does epinephrine regulate the blood glucose levels?

Step 1

The question is whether the epinephrine plays a role in the regulation of blood glucose levels.

Step 2

The suprarenal glands or adrenal glands are the endocrine glands which secrete various hormones like adrenaline, cortisol, and aldosterone. They are present above the kidneys.

An American pharmacologist and physiologic biochemist John Jacob Abel coined the term epinephrine in 1898. They isolated adrenaline from the adrenal gland which is present over the kidney. Epinephrine or adrenaline hormone is released by the adrenal medulla due to the stimulation by the organism’s central nervous system in feedback to stress, anger, fear. It results in the increase of heart rate, carbohydrate metabolism, blood pressure, and cardiac output. It is produced naturally during the times of stress. The adrenal gland secretes the epinephrine as a part of the fight-or-flight reaction. But it can also be used in medical conditions to cure several situations.

Step 3

The action of Epinephrine on Blood Glucose level:

During stress or fear, the body prepares itself by confirming that adequate energy or sugar is readily present. The adrenal glands secrete epinephrine under the influence of the central nervous system. On the other side, Insulin levels drop. Glucagon levels start to rise. Glucagon is a hormone which is formed in the pancreas that helps in the breakdown ...

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