Asked Mar 10, 2019

Draw a typical plant cell and label the organelles. Also, state the functions of each organelle.


Expert Answer

Step 1

In this question, we need to draw a plant cell and explain the function of each organelle present.

The plant cells are characterized by the presence of the cell wall made up of cellulose and they have a special organelle, chloroplast that helps in producing the food.

Step 2

A typical plant cell comprised of a cell wall, a cell membrane or plasma membrane, mitochondria, chloroplast, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, nucleus, a large vacuole covered in a membrane, nucleus and cytoplasm.

A typical diagram of the plant cell is given on the white board.

Step 3

The function of each organelle is described below:

Cell wall: The cell wall surrounding layer of the cell, which act as a protective covering. This membrane is generally made up of cellulose in the plants.

Cell membrane: the cell membrane or the plasma membrane is a lipid bilayer present just after the cell wall. This forms a barrier between cell and its environment and restricts the movement of the molecules.

Cytoplasm: The cytoplasm is the fluid present in the cells. All the organelles, as well as the cellular proteins, are present in the cytoplasm. Other than major macromolecules, the cytoplasm contains many ions and inorganic substances, which maintain the cellular functions.

Nucleus: The nucleus is a membrane bound structure, which contains the genetic material and is a site of DNA expression. In the nucleus, the DNA is transcribed into mRNA, which moves to the cytoplasm and for the synthesis of the protein.

Ribosomes: The ribosomes are the small particles made up of RNA and the associated protein, which play a maj...

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