Due to its ability to camouflage itself from predators, the White Peppered Moth of England was once much more abundant than the Black Peppered Moth. As the Industrial Revolution hit, factories began to release black soot which coated everything, including tree bark. Because the moths’ habitat was now darker, the white moth became much more susceptible to predators. At the same time, the Black Peppered Moth was now more protected and began to increase in number.This story is an example of  A. natural selection. B. extinction. C. endangered species. D. mutation.

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Asked Jan 30, 2020
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Due to its ability to camouflage itself from predators, the White Peppered Moth of England was once much more abundant than the Black Peppered Moth. As the Industrial Revolution hit, factories began to release black soot which coated everything, including tree bark. Because the moths’ habitat was now darker, the white moth became much more susceptible to predators. At the same time, the Black Peppered Moth was now more protected and began to increase in number.

This story is an example of
 
 A. 
natural selection.
 B. 
extinction.
 C. 
endangered species.
 D. 
mutation.
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Expert Answer

Step 1

Evolution is a change in the characteristics of population over successive generations. Different characteristic features begin to exist within any population which may be due to mutation, genetic recombination and other genetic variation. Evolution occurs when biological processes like natural selection, genetic drift acts on this kind of variation which results in certain characteristic feature becoming more common or rare within the population.

Step 2

The evolution of peppered moths is a good example of natural selection which comes in two varieties: white moth and black moth. Usually, white moths are selected as they blend with the white trees they live and black moths are selected because of their inability of camouflage from the predators (birds). However, due to Industrial revolution...

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