Experiment 10-Polarity and SolubilitynamesectiondateWorksheetI.Predictions of Polarity and SolubilityNameLewis StructurePolaritySoluble in C6H12?Soluble in H20?WaterH-O-HннНC.Cyclohexane(C6H12)HH-CС-нН-сC-HнHHHH H1. EthanolH-C-C-O-HDннНH O H2. IsopropanolН-С-с-с-НнннH H H H3. ButanolН-С-с-с-с-о-нннннH o H4. AcetoneН-с-с-с-нНН-с-с-о-н5. Acetic acidН:0, нН-с-с-о-с-с-нH H6. Ethyl acetateH HН0с-о-с-н47. WintergreenННH-C-HIH HCн8. XyleneнСсесHHH9. Sodium chlorideH:0I IH-C-C-O NaН10. Sodium acetate131H-CIHIHICII

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Experiment 10-Polarity and Solubility
name
section
date
Worksheet
I.
Predictions of Polarity and Solubility
Name
Lewis Structure
Polarity
Soluble in C6H12?
Soluble in H20?
Water
H-O-H
нн
Н
C.
Cyclohexane
(C6H12)
H
H-C
С-н
Н-с
C-H
н
HHH
H H
1. Ethanol
H-C-C-O-H
D
нн
Н
H O H
2. Isopropanol
Н-С-с-с-Н
ннн
H H H H
3. Butanol
Н-С-с-с-с-о-н
нннн
H o H
4. Acetone
Н-с-с-с-н
Н
Н-с-с-о-н
5. Acetic acid
Н
:0, н
Н-с-с-о-с-с-н
H H
6. Ethyl acetate
H H
Н
0
с-о-с-н
4
7. Wintergreen
Н
Н
H-C-H
I
H H
C
н
8. Xylene
нСсес
H
H
H
9. Sodium chloride
H:0
I I
H-C-C-O Na
Н
10. Sodium acetate
131
H-CIH
I
HIC
I
I
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Experiment 10-Polarity and Solubility name section date Worksheet I. Predictions of Polarity and Solubility Name Lewis Structure Polarity Soluble in C6H12? Soluble in H20? Water H-O-H нн Н C. Cyclohexane (C6H12) H H-C С-н Н-с C-H н HHH H H 1. Ethanol H-C-C-O-H D нн Н H O H 2. Isopropanol Н-С-с-с-Н ннн H H H H 3. Butanol Н-С-с-с-с-о-н нннн H o H 4. Acetone Н-с-с-с-н Н Н-с-с-о-н 5. Acetic acid Н :0, н Н-с-с-о-с-с-н H H 6. Ethyl acetate H H Н 0 с-о-с-н 4 7. Wintergreen Н Н H-C-H I H H C н 8. Xylene нСсес H H H 9. Sodium chloride H:0 I I H-C-C-O Na Н 10. Sodium acetate 131 H-CIH I HIC I I

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Expert Answer

Step 1

Solubility in water:

The solubility of the compound is mainly depending on the hydrophilic part. If the compound has a greater number of hydroxyl group or a smaller number of carbon chain which is soluble in water. If the compound has a smaller number of hydroxyl group with a greater number of carbon chain which is insoluble in water because of hydrophobic part.

Hydrogen bond:

A hydrogen bond is a electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen atom and more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F) atoms. Hydrogen bonding ma...

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in Soluble Lewis structure polarity Soluble in Name Н2о C6H12 нн H-C-C-ö-H нн Polar, because insoluble there is polar 1. ethanol Soluble because it is polar compound group Polar, because insoluble there is polar 2. Isopropanol Soluble н.0: Н H-C-C-C-H HHH нннн H-C-C-C-C-0-H there is polar нннн because it is polar compound group Polar, because insoluble 3. butanol Soluble because it is polar compound Soluble group H:O: H H-C-C-C-H Polar, because Soluble polar 4. Acetone there because it is polar compound Soluble group Polar, because Soluble there is polar Н:0: 5. Acetic acid H-C-C-0-H because it is polar compound group

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