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Explain how the electron configuration of an atom influences its chemical behavior and explain why atoms form bonds.


Explain how the electron configuration of an atom influences its chemical behavior and explain why atoms form bonds.

Step 1

Atoms consist of nucleus, which contains protons and neutrons, and electrons. These electrons are present outside the nucleus and are arranged in various shells. These shells are associated with certain energy and are termed as energy levels. 

Arrangement of electrons in these energy levels is called electronic configuration. 

Step 2

The energy levels are surround the nucleus and are different in terms of their distance from the nucleus. More closer is the energy level to the nucleus, lesser is the energy associated with it and hence more stable is the electron occupying that level.

Various energy levels are possible and are numbered as 1,2,3 and so on. The number is denoted by' n'. Maximum number of electrons that can be present in an energy level is given by '2n2'

So, first energy level can have two electrons, second can have 8, third can have 18 and so on.

Step 3

The last energy level which contains the electrons in an atom is called valence shell and the electrons contained in it are called va...

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