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Asked Apr 9, 2019
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Give the structural formulas for the following compounds 4. Give the structural formula for the following compounds a) 2-chloro-3-methylhexane b) 2, 3, 3-trichloroheptane c) cis-1,2-dichloroethane d) 3-ethyl-2,2-dimethylhexane e) tans- 1, 3-dibromocyclopentane

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Expert Answer

Step 1

Dear student, since we are entitled to answer up to 3 sub-parts, we'll answer the first 3 as you have not mentioned the subparts you need help with. Please resubmit the question and specify the other subparts you'd like to get answered. 

a) The given compound is 2-Chloro-3-methylhexane

Hex implies that the principal chain has six carbon atoms.

-ane implies that the compound is saturated

At 2nd position of the chain, chloro substituent is attached and at the 3rd position, a methyl substituent is attched. The valency of carbon is four and is satisfied by the hydrogen atoms. Thus, the structural formula of the compound is:

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Step 2

b) 2,2,3-Trichloroheptane

Hept implies that the principal chains contains seven carbon atoms.

Two chloro substituents are attached a...

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