hases, and compound X will be found dissolved in both the eth ow compound X distributes behan^^ .. Extraction as a Separation Tool Balance the euations Organic compounds fall into three broad classes: organic acids (carboxylic acids and phenols) . organic bases (amines) neutral (esters, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, etc) Organic acids, organic bases, and neutral organic compounds can be readily separated from each other on the basis of their acid-base characteristics. Organic acids (carboxylic acids and phenols) readily react with alkali bases (NaOH, KOH) to form water soluble organic acid salts (ionic compounds) он NaOH O Na benzoic acid, pka = 4。19 (a carboxylic acid) sodium benzoate (a salt of a carboxylic acid) a covalent organic compound soluble organic solvents, insoluble water an ionic organic compound insoluble organic solvents, soluble water

Question

What is the proper way to balance an the reaction of benzoic acid with sodium hydroxide to form sodium benzoate?

hases, and compound X will be found dissolved in both the eth
ow compound X distributes behan^^ ..
Extraction as a Separation Tool
Balance the euations
Organic compounds fall into three broad classes:
organic acids (carboxylic acids and phenols)
. organic bases (amines)
neutral (esters, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, etc)
Organic acids, organic bases, and neutral organic compounds can be readily
separated from each other on the basis of their acid-base characteristics.
Organic acids (carboxylic acids and phenols) readily react with alkali bases
(NaOH, KOH) to form water soluble organic acid salts (ionic compounds)
он
NaOH
O Na
benzoic acid, pka = 4。19
(a carboxylic acid)
sodium benzoate
(a salt of a carboxylic acid)
a covalent organic compound
soluble organic solvents, insoluble water
an ionic organic compound
insoluble organic solvents, soluble water
Expand
Transcribed Image Text

hases, and compound X will be found dissolved in both the eth ow compound X distributes behan^^ .. Extraction as a Separation Tool Balance the euations Organic compounds fall into three broad classes: organic acids (carboxylic acids and phenols) . organic bases (amines) neutral (esters, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, etc) Organic acids, organic bases, and neutral organic compounds can be readily separated from each other on the basis of their acid-base characteristics. Organic acids (carboxylic acids and phenols) readily react with alkali bases (NaOH, KOH) to form water soluble organic acid salts (ionic compounds) он NaOH O Na benzoic acid, pka = 4。19 (a carboxylic acid) sodium benzoate (a salt of a carboxylic acid) a covalent organic compound soluble organic solvents, insoluble water an ionic organic compound insoluble organic solvents, soluble water

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