he common laboratory solvent chloroform is often used to purify substances dissolved in it. The vapor pressure of chloroform, CHCl3, is 173.1 mm Hg at 25 °C.
In a laboratory experiment, students synthesized a new compound and found that when 7.515 grams of the compound were dissolved in 216.0 grams of chloroform, the vapor pressure of the solution was 170.5 mm Hg. The compound was also found to be nonvolatile and a nonelectrolyte.
What is the molecular weight of this compound?
chloroform = CHCl3 = 119.4 g/mol
MW =____ g/mol
Relative lowering in the vapor pressure of a solution is a colligative property that depends on the number of particles present in the solution. Some other examples of colligative properties are osmotic pressure, elevation in boiling point, depression in freezing point etc.
The relative lowering in the vapor pressure can be formulated on the basis of Raoult's law.
Raoult's law states that the vapor pressure of a component at a given temperature is the product of the mole fraction of that component and the vapor pressure of that component in the pure state.
P0 = vapor pressure of pure solvent = 173.1 mmHg
Ps = vapor pressure of solution = 170.5 mmHg
Mass (w2) = 7.515 g
Mass (w1) = 216.0 g
Molar mass (M1) = 119.4 g/mol
Molar mass (...
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