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How is water transported in the kidney


How is water transported in the kidney

Step 1

The transport of water in kidney.

Step 2

Human excretory system consists of a pair of kidneys, a pair of ureters, urinary bladder and an urethra. Kidneys are the excretory organs containing the structural and functional units called the nephrons.

A nephron consists of a renal corpuscle made up of the Bowman’s capsule and a renal tubule consisting of a proximal convoluted tubule (PCT), a Henle’s loop and a distal convoluted tubule (DCT) opening into the collecting tubule. The Bowman’s capsule is made up a mass of blood capillaries.

Step 3

The movement of water or the formation of urine in the kidneys involves the following processes.

  1. Glomerular filtration- The blood with dissolved waste materials, salt, glucose and other substances gets filtered through the Bowman’s capsule by a process called the glomerular filtration. The glomerular filtrate containing the water, excess salts, glucose and the waste products like urea is called the primary urine.
  2. Tubular reabsorption- The filtrate along with essential materials like water, glucose, amino acid...

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