Question
Asked Mar 11, 2020
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List the different properties of water and provide an example of the importance of each property within the body: Cohesion, surface tension, adhesion, specific heat, and heat of vaporization.

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Expert Answer

Step 1

A solution can be defined as the mixture that consists of two components; solute and solvent.

Here solute is the component that is present in less amount whereas solvent is found in more amount. For example in salt solution salt is solute and water is a solvent.

If a solute is completely soluble in the solvent, it forms a true solution. To dissolve in a solvent, the solute molecules must have some intermolecular interactions with solvent molecules. Therefore a polar solvent dissolves polar solute and a non-polar solvent dissolves a non-polar solute. Hence “Like dissolves like.”

Step 2

Water is considered as the most effective solvent for polar and ionic compounds. This is because of some unique properties of this solvent. It is a polar covalent molecule with electronegative O atom. Therefore it can form Hydrogen bond with other ionic and polar compound which have O, F and N atoms.

Step 3

Surface tension:  It can also form dipole-dipole interactions with other polar compounds. Because of strong hydrogen bonding, it has a high surface tension as molecules o...

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