Match the missing [blank] word to the correct definition describing elliptical planetary orbits, applying ideas fromKepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion . (If the first correspondsto B, and the next 4 to C, enter BCCCC)1) According to Kepler’s second law,Jupiter will be traveling most slowlyaround the Sun when at [blank].A. semi-major axis2) According to Kepler’s second law,Pluto will be traveling fastest aroundthe Sun when at [blank].B. focus3) Earth orbits in the shape of a/an[blank] around the Sun.C. aphelion4) The mathematical form of Kepler’s third law measures the periodin years, and the [blank] in AU.D. ellipse5) Earth is located at one [blank] ofthe Moon’s orbit.E. eccentricity6) The extent to which Mars’ orbitdiffers from a perfect circle is calledits [blank].F. perihelion

Question
Asked Sep 14, 2019

Match the missing [blank] word to the correct definition describing elliptical planetary orbits, applying ideas from
Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion . (If the first corresponds
to B, and the next 4 to C, enter BCCCC)
1) According to Kepler’s second law,
Jupiter will be traveling most slowly
around the Sun when at [blank].
A. semi-major axis
2) According to Kepler’s second law,
Pluto will be traveling fastest around
the Sun when at [blank].
B. focus
3) Earth orbits in the shape of a/an
[blank] around the Sun.
C. aphelion
4) The mathematical form of Kepler’s third law measures the period
in years, and the [blank] in AU.
D. ellipse
5) Earth is located at one [blank] of
the Moon’s orbit.
E. eccentricity
6) The extent to which Mars’ orbit
differs from a perfect circle is called
its [blank].
F. perihelion

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Expert Answer

Step 1

1) According to Kepler’s second law, Jupiter will be traveling most slowly around the Sun when at aphelion (C).

Step 2

2) According to Kepler’s second law, Pluto will be traveling fastest around the Sun when at perihelion (F).

Step 3

3) Earth orbits in the shape of an ...

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