Question

Asked Mar 20, 2019

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Step 1

**Decision based on p-value:**

At level of significance *α*, if the *p*-value ≤ *α*, then reject the null hypothesis, *H*_{0}. Otherwise fail to reject* H*_{0}.

If *H*_{0} is rejected, then it can be interpreted that “there is enough evidence to suggest that *H*_{0} is false, that is, to support the claim made by the alternate hypothesis, *H _{a}* at level of significance

Step 2

**Interpretation:**

Here, the level of significance is *α* = 0.05 and *p*-value =0.0548 and z0= –1.6. The null hypothesis is rejected when *p* value is less than the level of significance. Therefore, 1st option is **incorrect.**

Now, *p*-value is 0.0548, which is greater than significance level* α* = 0.05. Therefore, by decision rule, do not reject the null hypothesis. Therefore, 2nd option is **correct**.

There is no decision rule connecting *p*-value and the t...

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