Asked Jan 20, 2019

Name the four major marcomolecules with their subunits.


Expert Answer

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Step 1

The macromolecules are the biopolymers and large non-polymeric molecules present in the biological system. They are present in a colloidal state in the intracellular fluid and are also found abundantly in the extracellular body fluid.

Step 2

The four major classes of the macromolecules are carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.

  1. Carbohydrates.

The carbohydrates are the fibers, starches and the sugars found in the biological system. All the carbohydrates are comprised of monosaccharides. The monosaccharides are the simplest form of the carbohydrates and the polysaccharides present in the biological system is made up of a chain of monosaccharides.


  1. Proteins.

The proteins are a very important macromolecule in the biological system. It is the chief component of all the enzymes, many hormones, as well as they, are building blocks of the animal body. The proteins are polymers of the amino acids. There are 20 types of amino acids, which can be arranged in a different pattern and form all the different types of proteins present in the biological system.


  1. Nucleic acids.

The nucle...

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