Asked Nov 12, 2019

Name the three major components/regions of the diencephalon.


Expert Answer

Step 1

The diencephalon is a part of the forebrain and is located between the midbrain and the telencephalon. It is one of the main vesicles that are formed during embryogenesis. The neural tube formed from ectoderm form three main vesicles, the prosencephalon, mesencephalon, and rhombencephalon. The diencephalon is formed from the prosencephalon.

Step 2

The three main structure or parts of the diencephalon are:

  1. Thalamus – It is located in the dorsal portion of the diencephalon and is a mass made of gray matter. It performs various functions, such as regulation of sleep, consciousness, and alertness, and relaying sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex.
  2. Hypothalamus – It is a part of the brain that contains various nuclei performi...

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