Principles of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text

5th Edition

ISBN: 9781133104261

Author: Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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A sinusoidal wave is travelling on a string under tension T = 8.0(N), having a mass per unit length of w = 0.0128(kg/m). It’s displacement function is D(x,t) = Acos(kx - wt). It’s amplitude is 0.001m and its wavelength is 0.8m. It reaches the end of this string, and continues on to a string with w = 0.0512(kg/m) and the same tension as the first string. Give the values of A, k, and w, for the original wave, as well as k and w the reflected wave and the transmitted wave.

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Two sinusoidal waves are moving through a medium in the same direction, both having amplitudes of 3.00 cm, a wavelength of 5.20 m, and a period of 6.52 s, but one has a phase shift of an angle . What is the phase shift if the resultant wave has an amplitude of 5.00 cm? [Hint: Use the trig identity sinu+sinv=2sin(u+v2)cos(uv2)

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A taut rope has a mass of 0.180 kg and a length of 3.60 m. What power must be supplied to the rope so as to generate sinusoidal waves having an amplitude of 0.100 m and a wavelength of 0.500 m and traveling with a speed of 30.0 m/s?

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A standing wave on a string is described by the equation y(x, t) = 1.25 sin(0.0350x) cos(1450t), where x is in centimeters, t is in seconds, and the resulting amplitude is in millimeters. a. What is the length of the string if this standing wave represents the first harmonic vibration of the string? b. What is the speed of the wave on this string?

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When a standing wave is set up on a string fixed at both ends, which of the following statements is true? (a) The number of nodes is equal to the number of antinodes. (b) The wavelength is equal to the length of the string divided by an integer. (c) The frequency is equal to the number of nodes times the fundamental frequency. (d) The shape of the string at any instant shows a symmetry about the midpoint of the string.

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The speed of a transverse wave on a string is 300.00 m/s, its wavelength is 0.50 m, and the amplitude is 20.00 cm. How much time is required for a particle on the string to move through a distance of 5.00 km?

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A steel wire of length 30.0 m and a copper wire of length 20.0 m, both with 1.00-mm diameters, are connected end to end and stretched to a tension of 150 N. During what time interval will a transverse wave travel the entire length of the two wires?

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The string shown in Figure P16.11 is driven at a frequency of 5.00 Hz. The amplitude of the motion is A = 12.0 cm, and the wave speed is v = 20.0 m/s. Furthermore, the wave is such that y = 0 at x = 0 and t = 0. Determine (a) the angular frequency and (b) the wave number for this wave. (c) Write an expression for the wave function. Calculate (d) the maximum transverse speed and (e) the maximum transverse acceleration of an element of the string.

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