Pareto Charts. In Exercises 11 and 12 construct the Pareto chart.Journal Retractions In a study of retractions in biomedical journals, 436 were due to error, 201 were due to plagiarism, 888 were due to fraud, 291 were duplications of publications, and 287 had other causes (based on data from “Misconduct Accounts for the Majority of Retracted Scientific Publications,” by Fang, Steen, Casadevall, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 110, No. 3). Among such retractions, does misconduct (fraud, duplication, plagiarism) appear to be a major factor?

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Asked Dec 29, 2019
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Pareto Charts. In Exercises 11 and 12 construct the Pareto chart.

Journal Retractions In a study of retractions in biomedical journals, 436 were due to error, 201 were due to plagiarism, 888 were due to fraud, 291 were duplications of publications, and 287 had other causes (based on data from “Misconduct Accounts for the Majority of Retracted Scientific Publications,” by Fang, Steen, Casadevall, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 110, No. 3). Among such retractions, does misconduct (fraud, duplication, plagiarism) appear to be a major factor?

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Expert Answer

Step 1

Solution: We have to construct the Pareto chart and determine if the misconduct (fraud, duplication, plagiarism) appear to be a major factor.

Step 2

We are given the below data:

 

Statistics homework question answer, step 2, image 1
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Step 3

To construct the Pareto chart, we have to first sort the given data in decending order of magnitude a...

Statistics homework question answer, step 3, image 1
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