Question

Asked Dec 19, 2019

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Pareto Charts. In Exercises 11 and 12 construct the Pareto chart.

Journal Retractions In a study of retractions in biomedical journals, 436 were due to error, 201 were due to plagiarism, 888 were due to fraud, 291 were duplications of publications, and 287 had other causes (based on data from “Misconduct Accounts for the Majority of Retracted Scientific Publications,” by Fang, Steen, Casadevall, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 110, No. 3). Among such retractions, does misconduct (fraud, duplication, plagiarism) appear to be a major factor?

Step 1

From the study of retractions in biomedical journals, 436 retractions were due to an error, 201 retractions were due to plagiarism, 888 retractions were due to fraudism, 291 retractions were due to duplications of publications and 287 retractions were due to other causes.

Step 2

Step-by-step procedure to obtain the pareto chart is by using the MINITAB software:

- Choose
**Graph > Bar Chart**. - Choose
**Values from the table.** - Choose
**Simple**and then click**OK**. - In
**Categorical variables**, enter the column**Type of Retractions**. - In
**Graph variables**, enter the column**Frequency**. - In chart options, click on by
**Decreasing Y.** - Click
**OK**.

Step 3

Output using the MINITAB sof...

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