Rhone-Metro Industries manufactures equipment that is sold or leased. On December 31, 2016, Rhone-Metroleased equipment to Western Soya Co. for a noncancelable stated lease term of four years ending December31, 2020, at which time possession of the leased asset will revert back to Rhone-Metro. The equipment cost$300,000 to manufacture and has an expected useful life of six years. Its normal sales price is $365,760. Theexpected residual value of $25,000 at December 31, 2020, is not guaranteed. Western Soya Co. can exercise abargain purchase option on December 30, 2019, at an option price of $10,000. Equal payments under the leaseare $134,960 (including $4,000 annual executory costs) and are due on December 31 of each year. The first paymentwas made on December 31, 2016. Collectibility of the remaining lease payments is reasonably assured,and Rhone-Metro has no material cost uncertainties. Western Soya’s incremental borrowing rate is 12%.Western Soya knows the interest rate implicit in the lease payments is 10%. Both companies use straight-linedepreciation.Hint: A lease term ends for accounting purposes when an option becomes exercisable if it’s expected to beexercised (i.e., a BPO).Required:1. Show how Rhone-Metro calculated the $134,960 annual lease payments.2. How should this lease be classified (a) by Western Soya Co. (the lessee) and (b) by Rhone-Metro Industries(the lessor)? Why?3. Prepare the appropriate entries for both Western Soya Co. and Rhone-Metro on December 31, 2016.4. Prepare an amortization schedule(s) describing the pattern of interest over the lease term for the lessee andthe lessor.5. Prepare the appropriate entries for both Western Soya and Rhone-Metro on December 31, 2017 (the secondrent payment and depreciation). 6. Prepare the appropriate entries for both Western Soya and Rhone-Metro on December 30, 2019, assuming the BPO is exercised on that date.

Question
Asked Jan 28, 2020
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Rhone-Metro Industries manufactures equipment that is sold or leased. On December 31, 2016, Rhone-Metro
leased equipment to Western Soya Co. for a noncancelable stated lease term of four years ending December
31, 2020, at which time possession of the leased asset will revert back to Rhone-Metro. The equipment cost
$300,000 to manufacture and has an expected useful life of six years. Its normal sales price is $365,760. The
expected residual value of $25,000 at December 31, 2020, is not guaranteed. Western Soya Co. can exercise a
bargain purchase option on December 30, 2019, at an option price of $10,000. Equal payments under the lease
are $134,960 (including $4,000 annual executory costs) and are due on December 31 of each year. The first payment
was made on December 31, 2016. Collectibility of the remaining lease payments is reasonably assured,
and Rhone-Metro has no material cost uncertainties. Western Soya’s incremental borrowing rate is 12%.
Western Soya knows the interest rate implicit in the lease payments is 10%. Both companies use straight-line
depreciation.
Hint: A lease term ends for accounting purposes when an option becomes exercisable if it’s expected to be
exercised (i.e., a BPO).
Required:
1. Show how Rhone-Metro calculated the $134,960 annual lease payments.
2. How should this lease be classified (a) by Western Soya Co. (the lessee) and (b) by Rhone-Metro Industries
(the lessor)? Why?
3. Prepare the appropriate entries for both Western Soya Co. and Rhone-Metro on December 31, 2016.
4. Prepare an amortization schedule(s) describing the pattern of interest over the lease term for the lessee and
the lessor.
5. Prepare the appropriate entries for both Western Soya and Rhone-Metro on December 31, 2017 (the second
rent payment and depreciation). 6. Prepare the appropriate entries for both Western Soya and Rhone-Metro on December 30, 2019, assuming the
BPO is exercised on that date.

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Expert Answer

Step 1

1.

The annual lease payment of $134,960 is being calculated as below:

Accounting homework question answer, step 1, image 1
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Step 2

2.

a.

Accounting homework question answer, step 2, image 1
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Step 3

2.

b.

...
Accounting homework question answer, step 3, image 1
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