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<Homework 5
Acids, Bases, and Salts
17 of 24
<.
I Review I Constants I Periodic Table
An acid is a compound that produces H in solution. You
can recognize acid formulas as those that start with H or
end with COOH.
Part A
A base is a compound that produces OH in solution.
Base formulas often contain a metal cation with the
Classify these compounds as acid, base, salt, or other.
hydroxide anion, OH. Bases that do not contain OH
usually contain N. These bases can react with an H2 O
molecule to produce hydroxide in solution.
Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins.
• View Available Hint(s)
A salt is an ionic compound that is neither an acid nor a
base. To identify a salt, look for a formula that contains a
cation that is not H and an anion that is not OH.
Reset
Help
Some compounds that contain H are neither acid, nor
base, nor salt. For example, hydrocarbons are not acids
even though their formulas contain H. Hydrocarbons are
easy to recognize since their formulas contain only C and
H, such as C6 H14.
НСООН
CH3 CH3
NaOH
HNO3
NaBr
NH3
CO2
КСІ
Acid
Base
Salt
Other
FEB
PACED
3.141503
23
tv
MacBook Pro
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Safari File Edit View History Bookmarks Window Help )) 48% Sun 10:59 AM session.masteringchemistry.com Consider summer class... Inbox (13) - thesym1@g.. Class Schedule Listing Schedule 111.009 & 111.... Ellucian Degree Works... Pearson's MyLab & Mas... ALEKS - Sofia Simmons... MasteringChemistry: H... <Homework 5 Acids, Bases, and Salts 17 of 24 <. I Review I Constants I Periodic Table An acid is a compound that produces H in solution. You can recognize acid formulas as those that start with H or end with COOH. Part A A base is a compound that produces OH in solution. Base formulas often contain a metal cation with the Classify these compounds as acid, base, salt, or other. hydroxide anion, OH. Bases that do not contain OH usually contain N. These bases can react with an H2 O molecule to produce hydroxide in solution. Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins. • View Available Hint(s) A salt is an ionic compound that is neither an acid nor a base. To identify a salt, look for a formula that contains a cation that is not H and an anion that is not OH. Reset Help Some compounds that contain H are neither acid, nor base, nor salt. For example, hydrocarbons are not acids even though their formulas contain H. Hydrocarbons are easy to recognize since their formulas contain only C and H, such as C6 H14. НСООН CH3 CH3 NaOH HNO3 NaBr NH3 CO2 КСІ Acid Base Salt Other FEB PACED 3.141503 23 tv MacBook Pro

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Expert Answer

Step 1

The following compounds are to be classified as acid, base, salt or other:

HCOOH, CH3CH3, NaOH, HNO3, NaBr, NH3, CO2, KCl.

Step 2
  • Acids: Acids are compounds that release hydrogen ions in the solution. In general, the chemical formula of an acid either start with H or ends with COOH.
  • Base: A base is a compound that produces OH- ions in the solution.

           The formula of a base either contains metal cation with OH- ion     or has N atom.

  • Salt: Salt is an ionic compound that is neither an acid nor a base.

         It contains a cation other than H+ and anion other than OH-.

  • Others: Some compounds that have hydrogen but are neither acid, nor base, nor salt. For example- hydrocarbons.
Step 3
  1. HCOOH – It is an acid as it dissociates into H+ ions and HCOO-
  2. CH3CH3 – It is hydrocarbon which is neither an acid, nor base, nor acid.
  3. NaOH -It releases OH- ions in the solution. Thus, it is a base.
  4. HNO3 - It is an acid as it dissociates into H+ ions and NO3-
  5. NaBr –It is a salt of Na+ and Br- .
  6. NH3 – It is base having N atom.
  7. CO2 - It is neither an acid, nor base, nor a...

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