# Suppose that a passenger intent on lunchduring his first ride in a hot-air balloon accidently drops an appleover the side during the balloon’s liftoff. At the moment of the apple’s release, the balloon is accelerating upward with a magnitudeof 4.0 m/s2 and has an upward velocity of magnitude 2 m/s.What are the (a) magnitude and (b) direction of the acceleration ofthe apple just after it is released? (c) Just then, is the apple movingupward or downward, or is it stationary? (d) What is the magnitudeof its velocity just then? (e) In the next few moments, does thespeed of the apple increase, decrease, or remain constant?

Question

Suppose that a passenger intent on lunch
during his first ride in a hot-air balloon accidently drops an apple
over the side during the balloon’s liftoff. At the moment of the apple’s release, the balloon is accelerating upward with a magnitude
of 4.0 m/s2 and has an upward velocity of magnitude 2 m/s.
What are the (a) magnitude and (b) direction of the acceleration of
the apple just after it is released? (c) Just then, is the apple moving
upward or downward, or is it stationary? (d) What is the magnitude
of its velocity just then? (e) In the next few moments, does the
speed of the apple increase, decrease, or remain constant?

Step 1

(a) When the apple is released, it is no longer under the influence of the balloon. It undergoes freefall and hence the magnitude of acceleration will be that of the acceleration due to gravity, 9.8 m/s2.

Step 2

(b) The direction of acceleration is same as that of the acce...

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