Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim.

License Plate Laws The Chapter Problem involved passenger cars in Connecticut and passenger cars in New York, but here we consider passenger cars and commercial trucks. Among 2049 Connecticut passenger cars, 239 had only rear license plates. Among 334 Connecticut trucks, 45 had only rear license plates (based on samples collected by the author). A reasonable hypothesis is that passenger car owners violate license plate laws at a higher rate than owners of commercial trucks. Use a 0.05 significance level to test that hypothesis.

a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test.

b. Test the claim by constructing an appropriate confidence interval.

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