Testing Claims about Proportions.  In Exercises, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), conclusion about the null hypothesis, and final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Use the P-value method unhssyour instructor specifies otherwise. Use the normal distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution (as described in Part 1 of this section). Testing Effectiveness of Nicotine Patches In one study of smokers who tried to quit smoking with nicotine patch therapy, 39 were smoking one year after the treatment and 32 were not smoking one year after the treatment (based on data from “High-Dose Nicotine Patch Therapy, ” by Dale et al., Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 274, No. 17). Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that among smokers who try to quit with nicotine patch therapy, the majority are smoking a year after the treatment. What do these results suggest about the effectiveness of nicotine patch therapy for those trying to quit smoking?

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Testing Claims about Proportions.  In Exercises, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), conclusion about the null hypothesis, and final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Use the P-value method unhssyour instructor specifies otherwise. Use the normal distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution (as described in Part 1 of this section).

Testing Effectiveness of Nicotine Patches In one study of smokers who tried to quit smoking with nicotine patch therapy, 39 were smoking one year after the treatment and 32 were not smoking one year after the treatment (based on data from “High-Dose Nicotine Patch Therapy, ” by Dale et al., Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 274, No. 17). Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that among smokers who try to quit with nicotine patch therapy, the majority are smoking a year after the treatment. What do these results suggest about the effectiveness of nicotine patch therapy for those trying to quit smoking?

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