The degenerative disease osteoarthritis most frequently affects weight-bearing joints such as knee. The article “Evidence of Mechanical Load Redistribution at the Knee Joint in the Elderly when Ascending Stairs and Ramps” (Annals of Biomed. Engr., 2008:467-476) presented the following summary data on stance duration (ms) for samples of both older and younger adults.   Age Sample Size Sample Mean Sample SD Older 28 801 117 Younger 16 780 72   Assume that both stance duration distributions are normal. Carry out a test of hypotheses at significance level .05 to decide whether true average stance duration is larger among elderly individuals than among younger individuals. (Population variances are not assumed equal.)

Question

The degenerative disease osteoarthritis most frequently affects weight-bearing joints such as knee. The article “Evidence of Mechanical Load Redistribution at the Knee Joint in the Elderly when Ascending Stairs and Ramps” (Annals of Biomed. Engr., 2008:467-476) presented the following summary data on stance duration (ms) for samples of both older and younger adults.

 

Age

Sample Size

Sample Mean

Sample SD

Older

28

801

117

Younger

16

780

72

 

Assume that both stance duration distributions are normal. Carry out a test of hypotheses at significance level .05 to decide whether true average stance duration is larger among elderly individuals than among younger individuals. (Population variances are not assumed equal.)

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